Magnetic ordering in a genuine organic crystal with triangular antiferromagnetic spin units

K. Takeda, Y. Yoshida, Y. Inanaga, T. Kawae, D. Shiomi, T. Ise, M. Kozaki, K. Okada, K. Sato, T. Takui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A typical magnetic behavior has been studied in a genuine organic radical crystal of antiferromagnetic triangular spin units, N,N,N-Tris[p-(N-oxyl-tetra- butyamino)phenyl]amine. The magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate that a ground-state doublet is achieved within a molecule when the temperature is cooled down to about 60 K from 300 K, giving the effective spin value of each molecule at lower temperatures to be S=12. Below 60 K, the magnetic susceptibility increases ferromagnetically down to 1 K, being followed by an antiferromagnetic decrease at lower temperatures. The analyses of the magnetic field dependence of heat capacity and magnetization reveals that the intermolecular ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions are working with the respective value 2 zf Jf kB =6.0 K and 2 zaf Jaf kB =-1.35 K, which reasonably explains the observed value of the transition temperature TN (0) =0.74 K at the field H=0 T: It is suggested that organic magnets order at the temperature predicted by Rushbrooke-Wood for isotropic Heisenberg spin systems, including not only the present tri-radical system, but also to the most typical genuine organic ferromagnets of mono-radical (S=12) and biradical (S=1). A fully mapped temperature-magnetic field phase boundary is obtained to be described by a single formula TN (H) = TN (0) [1- (H Hc) a] ξ with the values TN (0) =0.735 K, Hc =1.01±0.01 T, a=2.05±0.02, and ξ=0.48+0.01, where Hc =2 Hex =2×2 zaf Jaf S g μB, without any trace of the existence of the bicritical point on it as seen in normal antiferromagnets with uniaxial anisotropy. It is discussed that the critical indices may be a=2.0 and ξ=0.5 for nonfrustrated antiferromagnets with infinitesimally small anisotropy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024435
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume72
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2005

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Magnetization
Crystals
crystals
magnetic permeability
anisotropy
Magnetic susceptibility
magnetic fields
Anisotropy
Temperature
temperature
molecules
Magnetic fields
amines
magnets
transition temperature
Molecules
specific heat
Phase boundaries
magnetization
ground state

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Magnetic ordering in a genuine organic crystal with triangular antiferromagnetic spin units. / Takeda, K.; Yoshida, Y.; Inanaga, Y.; Kawae, T.; Shiomi, D.; Ise, T.; Kozaki, M.; Okada, K.; Sato, K.; Takui, T.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 72, No. 2, 024435, 01.07.2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Takeda, K. ; Yoshida, Y. ; Inanaga, Y. ; Kawae, T. ; Shiomi, D. ; Ise, T. ; Kozaki, M. ; Okada, K. ; Sato, K. ; Takui, T. / Magnetic ordering in a genuine organic crystal with triangular antiferromagnetic spin units. In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 2005 ; Vol. 72, No. 2.
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T1 - Magnetic ordering in a genuine organic crystal with triangular antiferromagnetic spin units

AU - Takeda, K.

AU - Yoshida, Y.

AU - Inanaga, Y.

AU - Kawae, T.

AU - Shiomi, D.

AU - Ise, T.

AU - Kozaki, M.

AU - Okada, K.

AU - Sato, K.

AU - Takui, T.

PY - 2005/7/1

Y1 - 2005/7/1

N2 - A typical magnetic behavior has been studied in a genuine organic radical crystal of antiferromagnetic triangular spin units, N,N,N-Tris[p-(N-oxyl-tetra- butyamino)phenyl]amine. The magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate that a ground-state doublet is achieved within a molecule when the temperature is cooled down to about 60 K from 300 K, giving the effective spin value of each molecule at lower temperatures to be S=12. Below 60 K, the magnetic susceptibility increases ferromagnetically down to 1 K, being followed by an antiferromagnetic decrease at lower temperatures. The analyses of the magnetic field dependence of heat capacity and magnetization reveals that the intermolecular ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions are working with the respective value 2 zf Jf kB =6.0 K and 2 zaf Jaf kB =-1.35 K, which reasonably explains the observed value of the transition temperature TN (0) =0.74 K at the field H=0 T: It is suggested that organic magnets order at the temperature predicted by Rushbrooke-Wood for isotropic Heisenberg spin systems, including not only the present tri-radical system, but also to the most typical genuine organic ferromagnets of mono-radical (S=12) and biradical (S=1). A fully mapped temperature-magnetic field phase boundary is obtained to be described by a single formula TN (H) = TN (0) [1- (H Hc) a] ξ with the values TN (0) =0.735 K, Hc =1.01±0.01 T, a=2.05±0.02, and ξ=0.48+0.01, where Hc =2 Hex =2×2 zaf Jaf S g μB, without any trace of the existence of the bicritical point on it as seen in normal antiferromagnets with uniaxial anisotropy. It is discussed that the critical indices may be a=2.0 and ξ=0.5 for nonfrustrated antiferromagnets with infinitesimally small anisotropy.

AB - A typical magnetic behavior has been studied in a genuine organic radical crystal of antiferromagnetic triangular spin units, N,N,N-Tris[p-(N-oxyl-tetra- butyamino)phenyl]amine. The magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate that a ground-state doublet is achieved within a molecule when the temperature is cooled down to about 60 K from 300 K, giving the effective spin value of each molecule at lower temperatures to be S=12. Below 60 K, the magnetic susceptibility increases ferromagnetically down to 1 K, being followed by an antiferromagnetic decrease at lower temperatures. The analyses of the magnetic field dependence of heat capacity and magnetization reveals that the intermolecular ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions are working with the respective value 2 zf Jf kB =6.0 K and 2 zaf Jaf kB =-1.35 K, which reasonably explains the observed value of the transition temperature TN (0) =0.74 K at the field H=0 T: It is suggested that organic magnets order at the temperature predicted by Rushbrooke-Wood for isotropic Heisenberg spin systems, including not only the present tri-radical system, but also to the most typical genuine organic ferromagnets of mono-radical (S=12) and biradical (S=1). A fully mapped temperature-magnetic field phase boundary is obtained to be described by a single formula TN (H) = TN (0) [1- (H Hc) a] ξ with the values TN (0) =0.735 K, Hc =1.01±0.01 T, a=2.05±0.02, and ξ=0.48+0.01, where Hc =2 Hex =2×2 zaf Jaf S g μB, without any trace of the existence of the bicritical point on it as seen in normal antiferromagnets with uniaxial anisotropy. It is discussed that the critical indices may be a=2.0 and ξ=0.5 for nonfrustrated antiferromagnets with infinitesimally small anisotropy.

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