Magnetic properties of mixed-valence iron phosphate glasses

Hirofumi Akamatsu, Satoshi Oku, Koji Fujita, Shunsuke Murai, Katsuhisa Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Magnetic properties of mixed-valence iron phosphate glasses, where there coexist Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions, have been investigated. The molar fraction of Fe3+ with respect to the total iron ion, [Fe3+] / [Fetotal], can be controlled by melting the glass at varied temperatures. Experiments of magnetic aging and memory effects as well as dynamic and static scaling analyses of relaxation time and nonlinear magnetic susceptibility have been performed to get insight into the nature of low-temperature magnetic phase of the glass system. The experimental results reveal that the iron phosphate glasses undergo paramagnet-spin-glass transitions at low temperatures. Temperature dependence of magnetic specific heat suggests that as the temperature is lowered, the magnetic moments start to be frozen at a temperature significantly higher than the spin-glass transition temperature accompanied by a deviation in magnetic susceptibility from Curie-Weiss law. The ratio of the absolute value of Weiss temperature to spin-glass transition temperature increases as the ratio [Fe3+] / [Fetotal] becomes larger. This behavior is explainable in terms of the difference in single-ion anisotropy between Fe3+ and Fe2+ ions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number134408
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume80
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 8 2009

Fingerprint

Magnetic properties
phosphates
Phosphates
Iron
spin glass
magnetic properties
valence
iron
Glass
glass
Spin glass
glass transition temperature
ions
Ions
magnetic permeability
Temperature
Curie-Weiss law
Magnetic susceptibility
temperature
magnetic moments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Magnetic properties of mixed-valence iron phosphate glasses. / Akamatsu, Hirofumi; Oku, Satoshi; Fujita, Koji; Murai, Shunsuke; Tanaka, Katsuhisa.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 80, No. 13, 134408, 08.10.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Akamatsu, Hirofumi ; Oku, Satoshi ; Fujita, Koji ; Murai, Shunsuke ; Tanaka, Katsuhisa. / Magnetic properties of mixed-valence iron phosphate glasses. In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 2009 ; Vol. 80, No. 13.
@article{0dcaa56bbcb84ab89e90726396730511,
title = "Magnetic properties of mixed-valence iron phosphate glasses",
abstract = "Magnetic properties of mixed-valence iron phosphate glasses, where there coexist Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions, have been investigated. The molar fraction of Fe3+ with respect to the total iron ion, [Fe3+] / [Fetotal], can be controlled by melting the glass at varied temperatures. Experiments of magnetic aging and memory effects as well as dynamic and static scaling analyses of relaxation time and nonlinear magnetic susceptibility have been performed to get insight into the nature of low-temperature magnetic phase of the glass system. The experimental results reveal that the iron phosphate glasses undergo paramagnet-spin-glass transitions at low temperatures. Temperature dependence of magnetic specific heat suggests that as the temperature is lowered, the magnetic moments start to be frozen at a temperature significantly higher than the spin-glass transition temperature accompanied by a deviation in magnetic susceptibility from Curie-Weiss law. The ratio of the absolute value of Weiss temperature to spin-glass transition temperature increases as the ratio [Fe3+] / [Fetotal] becomes larger. This behavior is explainable in terms of the difference in single-ion anisotropy between Fe3+ and Fe2+ ions.",
author = "Hirofumi Akamatsu and Satoshi Oku and Koji Fujita and Shunsuke Murai and Katsuhisa Tanaka",
year = "2009",
month = "10",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevB.80.134408",
language = "English",
volume = "80",
journal = "Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics",
issn = "1098-0121",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "13",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Magnetic properties of mixed-valence iron phosphate glasses

AU - Akamatsu, Hirofumi

AU - Oku, Satoshi

AU - Fujita, Koji

AU - Murai, Shunsuke

AU - Tanaka, Katsuhisa

PY - 2009/10/8

Y1 - 2009/10/8

N2 - Magnetic properties of mixed-valence iron phosphate glasses, where there coexist Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions, have been investigated. The molar fraction of Fe3+ with respect to the total iron ion, [Fe3+] / [Fetotal], can be controlled by melting the glass at varied temperatures. Experiments of magnetic aging and memory effects as well as dynamic and static scaling analyses of relaxation time and nonlinear magnetic susceptibility have been performed to get insight into the nature of low-temperature magnetic phase of the glass system. The experimental results reveal that the iron phosphate glasses undergo paramagnet-spin-glass transitions at low temperatures. Temperature dependence of magnetic specific heat suggests that as the temperature is lowered, the magnetic moments start to be frozen at a temperature significantly higher than the spin-glass transition temperature accompanied by a deviation in magnetic susceptibility from Curie-Weiss law. The ratio of the absolute value of Weiss temperature to spin-glass transition temperature increases as the ratio [Fe3+] / [Fetotal] becomes larger. This behavior is explainable in terms of the difference in single-ion anisotropy between Fe3+ and Fe2+ ions.

AB - Magnetic properties of mixed-valence iron phosphate glasses, where there coexist Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions, have been investigated. The molar fraction of Fe3+ with respect to the total iron ion, [Fe3+] / [Fetotal], can be controlled by melting the glass at varied temperatures. Experiments of magnetic aging and memory effects as well as dynamic and static scaling analyses of relaxation time and nonlinear magnetic susceptibility have been performed to get insight into the nature of low-temperature magnetic phase of the glass system. The experimental results reveal that the iron phosphate glasses undergo paramagnet-spin-glass transitions at low temperatures. Temperature dependence of magnetic specific heat suggests that as the temperature is lowered, the magnetic moments start to be frozen at a temperature significantly higher than the spin-glass transition temperature accompanied by a deviation in magnetic susceptibility from Curie-Weiss law. The ratio of the absolute value of Weiss temperature to spin-glass transition temperature increases as the ratio [Fe3+] / [Fetotal] becomes larger. This behavior is explainable in terms of the difference in single-ion anisotropy between Fe3+ and Fe2+ ions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70749125808&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70749125808&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevB.80.134408

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevB.80.134408

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:70749125808

VL - 80

JO - Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics

JF - Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics

SN - 1098-0121

IS - 13

M1 - 134408

ER -