To develop a remote control system of transgene expression through localized cellular heating of magnetic nanoparticles, a heat-inducible transgene expression system was introduced into mammalian cells. Cells were labeled with magnetic nanoparticles and exposed to an alternating magnetic field. The magnetically labeled cells expressed the transgene in a monolayer and multilayered cell sheets in which cells were heated around the magnetic nanoparticles without an apparent temperature increase in the culture medium. Magnetic cells were also generated by genetically engineering with a ferritin gene, and transgene expression could be induced by exposure to an alternating magnetic field. This approach may be applicable to the development of novel gene therapies in cell-based medicine.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology