Magnetic anomalies in antiphase boundaries (APBs), which are a type of planar defect produced in ordered crystals, have been studied using electron holography. For many ordered crystals, including a Ni50Mn25Al12.5Ga12.5 alloy with a Heusler-type structure, atomic disordering in the APB region (showing a finite thickness) deteriorates the ferromagnetic spin order. This relationship has several functions, such as the pinning of magnetic domain walls by APBs. However, in an Fe70A130 alloy with a B2-type (CsCl-type) ordered structure, ferromagnetism can be developed by APBs. The unusual relationship observed in the Fe70A130 alloy can provide useful information for engineering APB-induced phenomena. This paper reviews recent electron holography observations from these two types of alloys, and technical advancements in the APB studies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics