Magnetohy drodynamics of Population III star formation

Masahiro Machida, Kazuyuki Omukai, Tomoaki Matsumoto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The evolution of collapsing primordial clouds and the formation of Population III (Pop III) protostars are investigated with three-dimensional ideal MHD simulations. We follow the collapse of parsec-sized primordial clouds down to the formation of protostars on sub-AU scales. Pop III protostar formation is characterized by the ratio of rotational to magnetic energy of the natal cloud. When the rotational energy is larger than the magnetic energy, fragmentation occurs prior to the formation of the protostar, and a binary or multiple system appears. When the magnetic energy is greater than the rotational energy, a strong (> 100 km s-1) jet is driven by the circumstellar disk around the protostar, which does not fragment. Thus, even in the early universe, magnetic fields play an important role in the star formation process.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFirst Stars and Galaxies
Subtitle of host publicationChallenges for the Next Decade
Pages56-61
Number of pages6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2010
Externally publishedYes
Event1st Stars and Galaxies: Challenges for the Next Decade - Austin, TX, United States
Duration: Mar 8 2010Mar 11 2010

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1294
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other1st Stars and Galaxies: Challenges for the Next Decade
CountryUnited States
CityAustin, TX
Period3/8/103/11/10

Fingerprint

Population III stars
protostars
star formation
energy
fragmentation
universe
fragments
magnetic fields
simulation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Machida, M., Omukai, K., & Matsumoto, T. (2010). Magnetohy drodynamics of Population III star formation. In First Stars and Galaxies: Challenges for the Next Decade (pp. 56-61). (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1294). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3518891

Magnetohy drodynamics of Population III star formation. / Machida, Masahiro; Omukai, Kazuyuki; Matsumoto, Tomoaki.

First Stars and Galaxies: Challenges for the Next Decade. 2010. p. 56-61 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1294).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Machida, M, Omukai, K & Matsumoto, T 2010, Magnetohy drodynamics of Population III star formation. in First Stars and Galaxies: Challenges for the Next Decade. AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1294, pp. 56-61, 1st Stars and Galaxies: Challenges for the Next Decade, Austin, TX, United States, 3/8/10. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3518891
Machida M, Omukai K, Matsumoto T. Magnetohy drodynamics of Population III star formation. In First Stars and Galaxies: Challenges for the Next Decade. 2010. p. 56-61. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3518891
Machida, Masahiro ; Omukai, Kazuyuki ; Matsumoto, Tomoaki. / Magnetohy drodynamics of Population III star formation. First Stars and Galaxies: Challenges for the Next Decade. 2010. pp. 56-61 (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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