Magnetometer Using Inductance Modulation of High-Critical-Temperature Superconducting Coil for Low-Frequency Field Measurement in Presence of Excitation Fields

Keiji Enpuku, Masaaki Matsuo, Yujiro Yoshida, Shigeya Yamashita, Teruyoshi Sasayama, Takashi Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have developed a new type of magnetometer using a high-critical-temperature superconductor (HTS) coil. This magnetometer consists of pickup and input coils made from HTS tape. The two coils are connected with very low joint resistance, and the signal flux that is collected by the pickup coil is transferred to the input coil. The signal at the input coil is then read out using a newly developed inductance-modulation scheme. The inductance of the input coil is modulated over time using a magnetic wire that is inserted into the input coil, and the magnetic flux is converted into a signal voltage using this time-dependent inductance. It is demonstrated that this magnetometer can measure low-frequency signal fields down to 0.03 Hz without any reduction in responsivity. The noise level was measured to be 0.85 pT/Hz 1/2 at frequencies above 25 Hz and reached 11 pT/Hz 1/2 at 1 Hz when using a pickup coil with 50 turns and an average diameter of 25 mm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8610294
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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Pickups
Magnetometers
inductance
Inductance
magnetometers
critical temperature
coils
Modulation
low frequencies
modulation
Superconducting materials
excitation
Magnetic flux
Temperature
Tapes
Wire
Fluxes
sensors
Electric potential
Superconducting coils

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Magnetometer Using Inductance Modulation of High-Critical-Temperature Superconducting Coil for Low-Frequency Field Measurement in Presence of Excitation Fields. / Enpuku, Keiji; Matsuo, Masaaki; Yoshida, Yujiro; Yamashita, Shigeya; Sasayama, Teruyoshi; Yoshida, Takashi.

In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 29, No. 5, 8610294, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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