Major ion and electrical potential distribution in soil under electrokinetic remediation

Shin-Ichiro Wada, Yuki Umegaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To assess the effect of pore water chemistry on the contaminant removal rate, we monitored major ion concentrations in the pore water and the electrical potential distribution of a soil during electrokinetic remediation treatment. On application of the voltage, the soil near the anode became acidic due to the electrolytic generation of H+, and the acid region gradually spread toward the cathode. The major cation in the acid region was, however, not H+ but Al3+ that arose from the acid-induced dissolution of soil minerals, and it migrated very slowly toward the cathode. The measured pH and accompanying ion concentrations indicated that the anomalously slow migration of Al3+ was due to its precipitation - dissolution reaction at the acid front. The stagnancy of Al3+ increased the ionic concentration, flattened the electrical potential profile, and in turn, diminished electromigration in the acid region. This seems to be one of the causes of the relatively low removal rate of cationic and anionic contaminants in electrokinetic treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2151-2155
Number of pages5
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume35
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2001

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Remediation
remediation
Ions
Soils
Acids
ion
acid
Dissolution
Cathodes
soil
Impurities
porewater
dissolution
Electromigration
Water
pollutant
Minerals
Cations
Anodes
water chemistry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Major ion and electrical potential distribution in soil under electrokinetic remediation. / Wada, Shin-Ichiro; Umegaki, Yuki.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 35, No. 11, 01.06.2001, p. 2151-2155.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wada, Shin-Ichiro ; Umegaki, Yuki. / Major ion and electrical potential distribution in soil under electrokinetic remediation. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2001 ; Vol. 35, No. 11. pp. 2151-2155.
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