Malignant germ cell tumors: Clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcome. A report from the study group for pediatric solid malignant tumors in the Kyushu area, Japan

Sachiyo Suita, K. Shono, T. Tajiri, T. Takamatsu, H. Mizote, A. Nagasaki, Y. Inomata, T. Hara, J. Okamura, S. Miyazaki, K. Kawakami, H. Eguchi, M. Tsuneyoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This study aims to assess the prognostic factors and optimal treatments for malignant germ cell tumors (MGCT) in childhood. Methods: Among 117 MGCT, the clinical features were analyzed. Regarding the histology, there were 89 embryonal carcinomas, 13 dysgerminomas, 4 choriocarcinomas, and 11 others. The prognostic factors and treatments were assessed based on the 5-year survival rate. Results: (1) Stage: 100% for stage I (n = 54), 75.0% for stage II (n = 4), 67.3% for stage III (n = 14), and 54.8% for stage IV (n = 33); Unknown: n = 12. (2) Primary site: 93.4% for the testis (n = 52), 86.7% for the ovary (n = 31), 56.9% for the sacrococcygeal (n = 21), and 60.6% for others (n = 12); unknown: n = 1. (3) Surgical intervention for primary tumor: 100% for stage I with a complete resection (n = 53), 78.4% for stage III, IV with a complete resection (n = 26), and 33.3% for stage III, IV with an incomplete resection (n = 21). (4) Type of chemotherapy for the stage III and IV: 83.9% for the PVB (cisplatin, vinblastin, bleomycin; n = 13), 66.7% for the VAC (vincristine, actinomycin D, cyclophosphamide; n = 6), and 47.1% for other regimens (n = 25). Conclusions: An early stage, a diagnosis under 1 year of age and a primary site in the gonads were favorable prognosis factors, whereas histologic findings of choriocarcinoma and liver or lung metastasis were unfavorable. Radical complete resection alone is a sufficient treatment for localized MGCT. The PVB regimen is optimal chemotherapy for advanced MGCT; however, high-risk cases still may require more aggressive treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1703-1706
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Malignant germ cell tumors: Clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcome. A report from the study group for pediatric solid malignant tumors in the Kyushu area, Japan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this