Malignant transformation of gastric hyperplastic polyps: Alteration of phenotypes, proliferative activity, and p53 expression

Takashi Yao, Masaaki Kajiwara, Sigekazu Kuroiwa, Akinori Iwashita, Masafumi Oya, Akira Kabashima, Masazumi Tsuneyoshi

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56 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to clarify the mechanism of malignant transformation of gastric hyperplastic polyps, focusing on phenotypic expression, cell proliferation, and p53 overexpression. Twenty-two lesions of gastric hyperplastic polyps with neoplastic foci were selected for this study. The phenotypes were divided into 3 types (G, gastric; incomp I, incomplete intestinal; and comp I, complete intestinal), according to immunohistochemical stains (human gastric mucin [HGM], MUC2, and CD10). The cell proliferative activity by Ki-67 and overexpression of p53 protein were also examined. Eleven of these lesions contained carcinoma components (CA, category 5 by the Vienna classification), 6 of which were accompanied by low-grade dysplasia (LGD, category 3) and 4 of which were accompanied by high-grade dysplasia (HGD, category 4). Another 2 were composed only of HGD, and the remaining 9 were composed of both LGD and HGD components. As a result, 15 LGD, 15 HGD, and 11 CA components were recognized. The 15 LGD components were classified as 1 G type and 14 incomp I type. All hyperplastic components expressed HGM, 5 (22.7%) of which were accompanied by focal intesfinal metaplasia demonstrated by MUC2 expression, whereas intestinalization frequently occurred in neoplastic components (93% of LGD, 53% of HGD, and 64% of CA components). The labeling index was 22.2% in hyperplastic, 42.2% in LGD, 55.7% in HGD, and 53.9% in CA components. p53 protein overexpression was recognized in none of hyperplastic, in 40% of the LGD, in 60% of the HGD, and in 45% of the CA components. These results suggest the importance of the dysplasia-carcinoma sequence in malignant transformation of hyperplastic polyps. Interestingly, intestinalization frequently occurs during neoplastic transformation, although it is not common in the surrounding hyperplastic components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1016-1022
Number of pages7
JournalHuman Pathology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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