Peroxisomes proliferate by sequential processes comprising elongation, constriction, and scission of peroxisomal membrane. It is known that the constriction step is mediated by a GTPase named dynamin-like protein 1 (DLP1) upon efficient loading of GTP. However, mechanism of fuelling GTP to DLP1 remains unknown in mammals. We earlier show that nucleoside diphosphate (NDP) kinase-like protein, termed dynamin-based ring motive-force organizer 1 (DYNAMO1), generates GTP for DLP1 in a red alga, Cyanidioschyzon merolae. In the present study, we identified that nucleoside diphosphate kinase 3 (NME3), a mammalian homologue of DYNAMO1, localizes to peroxisomes. Elongated peroxisomes were observed in cells with suppressed expression of NME3 and fibroblasts from a patient lacking NME3 due to the homozygous mutation at the initiation codon of NME3. Peroxisomes proliferated by elevation of NME3 upon silencing the expression of ATPase family AAA domain containing 1, ATAD1. In the wild-type cells expressing catalytically-inactive NME3, peroxisomes were elongated. These results suggest that NME3 plays an important role in peroxisome division in a manner dependent on its NDP kinase activity. Moreover, the impairment of peroxisome division reduces the level of ether-linked glycerophospholipids, ethanolamine plasmalogens, implying the physiological importance of regulation of peroxisome morphology.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry