Management of T1 colorectal cancers after endoscopic treatment based on the risk stratification of lymph node metastasis

Hideyuki Miyachi, Shin Ei Kudo, Katsuro Ichimasa, Tomokazu Hisayuki, Hiromasa Oikawa, Shingo Matsudaira, Yuta Kouyama, Yui Jennifer Kimura, Masashi Misawa, Yuichi Mori, Noriyuki Ogata, Toyoki Kudo, Kenta Kodama, Takemasa Hayashi, Kunihiko Wakamura, Atsushi Katagiri, Toshiyuki Baba, Eiji Hidaka, Fumio Ishida, Kenichi KohashiShigeharu Hamatani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Background and Aim: Recent advances in endoscopic technology have allowed many T1 colorectal carcinomas to be resected endoscopically with negative margins. However, the criteria for curative endoscopic resection remain unclear. We aimed to identify risk factors for nodal metastasis in T1 carcinoma patients and hence establish the indication for additional surgery with lymph node dissection. Methods: Initial or additional surgery with nodal dissection was performed in 653 T1 carcinoma cases. Clinicopathological factors were retrospectively analyzed with respect to nodal metastasis. The status of the muscularis mucosae (MM grade) was defined as grade 1 (maintenance) or grade 2 (fragmentation or disappearance). The lesions were then stratified based on the risk of nodal metastasis. Results: Muscularis mucosae grade was associated with nodal metastasis (P=0.026), and no patients with MM grade 1 lesions had nodal metastasis. Significant risk factors for nodal metastasis in patients with MM grade 2 lesions were attribution of women (P=0.006), lymphovascular infiltration (P<0.001), tumor budding (P=0.045), and poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma or mucinous carcinoma (P=0.007). Nodal metastasis occurred in 1.06% of lesions without any of these pathological factors, but in 10.3% and 20.1% of lesions with at least one factor in male and female patients, respectively. There was good inter-observer agreement for MM grade evaluation, with a kappa value of 0.67. Conclusions: Stratification using MM grade, pathological factors, and patient sex provided more appropriate indication for additional surgery with lymph node dissection after endoscopic treatment for T1 colorectal carcinomas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1126-1132
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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