Management of thrombocytopenia due to liver cirrhosis: A review

Hiromitsu Hayashi, Toru Beppu, Ken Shirabe, Yoshihiko Maehara, Hideo Baba

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Abstract

Thrombocytopenia is a common complication in liver disease and can adversely affect the treatment of liver cirrhosis, limiting the ability to administer therapy and delaying planned surgical/diagnostic procedures because of an increased risk of bleeding. Multiple factors, including splenic sequestration, reduced activity of the hematopoietic growth factor thrombopoietin, bone marrow suppression by chronic hepatitis C virus infection and anti-cancer agents, and antiviral treatment with interferon-based therapy, can contribute to the development of thrombocytopenia in cirrhotic patients. Of these factors, the major mechanisms for thrombocytopenia in liver cirrhosis are (1) platelet sequestration in the spleen; and (2) decreased production of thrombopoietin in the liver. Several treatment options, including platelet transfusion, interventional partial splenic embolization, and surgical splenectomy, are now available for severe thrombocytopenia in cirrhotic patients. Although thrombopoietin agonists and targeted agents are alternative tools for noninvasively treating thrombocytopenia due to liver cirrhosis, their ability to improve thrombocytopenia in cirrhotic patients is under investigation in clinical trials. In this review, we propose a treatment approach to thrombocytopenia according to our novel concept of splenic volume, and we describe the current management of thrombocytopenia due to liver cirrhosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2595-2605
Number of pages11
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume20
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 14 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology

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    Hayashi, H., Beppu, T., Shirabe, K., Maehara, Y., & Baba, H. (2014). Management of thrombocytopenia due to liver cirrhosis: A review. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 20(10), 2595-2605. https://doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v20.i10.2595