Manganese peroxidase from the lignin-degrading basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Transient state kinetics and reaction mechanism.

H. Wariishi, H. B. Dunford, I. D. MacDonald, M. H. Gold

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Abstract

Stopped-flow techniques were used to investigate the kinetics of the formation of manganese peroxidase compound I (MnPI) and of the reactions of MnPI and manganese peroxidase compound II (MnPII) with p-cresol and MnII. All of the rate data were obtained from single turnover experiments under pseudo-first order conditions. In the presence of H2O2 the formation of MnPI is independent of pH over the range 3.12-8.29 with a second-order rate constant of (2.0 +/- 0.1) x 10(6) M-1 s-1. The activation energy for MnPI formation is 20 kJ mol-1. MnPI formation also occurs with organic peroxides such as peracetic acid, m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid, and p-nitroperoxybenzoic acid with second-order rate constants of 9.7 x 10(5), 9.5 x 10(4), and 5.9 x 10(4) M-1 s-1, respectively. The reactions of MnPI and MnPII with p-cresol strictly obeyed second-order kinetics. The second-order rate constant for the reaction of MnPII with p-cresol is extremely low, (9.5 +/- 0.5) M-1 s-1. Kinetic analysis of the reaction of MnII with MnPI and MnPII showed a binding interaction with the oxidized enzymes which led to saturation kinetics. The first-order dissociation rate constants for the reaction of MnII with MnPI and MnPII are (0.7 +/- 0.1) and (0.14 +/- 0.01) s-1, respectively, when the reaction is conducted in lactate buffer. Rate constants are considerably lower when the reactions are conducted in succinate buffer. Single turnover experiments confirmed that MnII serves as an obligatory substrate for MnPII and that both oxidized forms of the enzyme form productive complexes with MnII. Finally, these results suggest the alpha-hydroxy acids such as lactate facilitate the dissociation of MnIII from the enzyme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3335-3340
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of biological chemistry
Volume264
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Feb 25 1989
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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