Mannosylinositol phosphorylceramides and ergosterol coodinately maintain cell wall integrity in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Seiya Tanaka, Motohiro Tani

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, complex sphingolipids have three types of polar head group, and breakdown of their normal composition causes several cellular dysfunctions. Previously we found that loss of biosynthesis of mannosylinositol phosphorylceramide (MIPC) causes a defect in cell wall integrity (CWI). In this study, we screened for multicopy suppressor genes that rescue the defect in CWI in cells lacking MIPC synthases (Sur1 and Csh1), and found that the defect is partly suppressed by upregulation of ergosterol biosynthesis. In addition, repression of expression of ERG9, which encodes squalene synthase in the ergosterol biosynthesis pathway, in sur1∆ csh1∆ cells caused a strong growth defect and enhancement of the defect in CWI. The repression of ERG9 and/or the deletion of SUR1 and CSH1 caused an increase in the phosphorylated form of Slt2, a mitogen-activated protein kinase activated through impairment of CWI. Moreover, the deletion of SLT2 or WSC1/2, encoding a sensor protein recognizing CWI, enhanced the growth defect in the ERG9-repressed sur1∆ csh1∆ cells. On the other hand, the ERG9-repressed sur1∆ csh1∆ cells also exhibited an increase in the cell wall chitin level in a Slt2- and Wsc1/2-independent manner. These results suggested that MIPC and ergosterol are coordinately involved in maintenance of CWI, and the activation of Slt2 suppressed the CWI defect caused by these metabolic defects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2405-2427
Number of pages23
JournalFEBS Journal
Volume285
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2018

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Ergosterol
Yeast
Cell Wall
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Yeasts
Cells
Defects
Biosynthesis
Farnesyl-Diphosphate Farnesyltransferase
Suppressor Genes
Sphingolipids
Chitin
Growth
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Up-Regulation
Genes
Chemical activation
Maintenance
Sensors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Mannosylinositol phosphorylceramides and ergosterol coodinately maintain cell wall integrity in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. / Tanaka, Seiya; Tani, Motohiro.

In: FEBS Journal, Vol. 285, No. 13, 01.07.2018, p. 2405-2427.

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

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abstract = "In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, complex sphingolipids have three types of polar head group, and breakdown of their normal composition causes several cellular dysfunctions. Previously we found that loss of biosynthesis of mannosylinositol phosphorylceramide (MIPC) causes a defect in cell wall integrity (CWI). In this study, we screened for multicopy suppressor genes that rescue the defect in CWI in cells lacking MIPC synthases (Sur1 and Csh1), and found that the defect is partly suppressed by upregulation of ergosterol biosynthesis. In addition, repression of expression of ERG9, which encodes squalene synthase in the ergosterol biosynthesis pathway, in sur1∆ csh1∆ cells caused a strong growth defect and enhancement of the defect in CWI. The repression of ERG9 and/or the deletion of SUR1 and CSH1 caused an increase in the phosphorylated form of Slt2, a mitogen-activated protein kinase activated through impairment of CWI. Moreover, the deletion of SLT2 or WSC1/2, encoding a sensor protein recognizing CWI, enhanced the growth defect in the ERG9-repressed sur1∆ csh1∆ cells. On the other hand, the ERG9-repressed sur1∆ csh1∆ cells also exhibited an increase in the cell wall chitin level in a Slt2- and Wsc1/2-independent manner. These results suggested that MIPC and ergosterol are coordinately involved in maintenance of CWI, and the activation of Slt2 suppressed the CWI defect caused by these metabolic defects.",
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AB - In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, complex sphingolipids have three types of polar head group, and breakdown of their normal composition causes several cellular dysfunctions. Previously we found that loss of biosynthesis of mannosylinositol phosphorylceramide (MIPC) causes a defect in cell wall integrity (CWI). In this study, we screened for multicopy suppressor genes that rescue the defect in CWI in cells lacking MIPC synthases (Sur1 and Csh1), and found that the defect is partly suppressed by upregulation of ergosterol biosynthesis. In addition, repression of expression of ERG9, which encodes squalene synthase in the ergosterol biosynthesis pathway, in sur1∆ csh1∆ cells caused a strong growth defect and enhancement of the defect in CWI. The repression of ERG9 and/or the deletion of SUR1 and CSH1 caused an increase in the phosphorylated form of Slt2, a mitogen-activated protein kinase activated through impairment of CWI. Moreover, the deletion of SLT2 or WSC1/2, encoding a sensor protein recognizing CWI, enhanced the growth defect in the ERG9-repressed sur1∆ csh1∆ cells. On the other hand, the ERG9-repressed sur1∆ csh1∆ cells also exhibited an increase in the cell wall chitin level in a Slt2- and Wsc1/2-independent manner. These results suggested that MIPC and ergosterol are coordinately involved in maintenance of CWI, and the activation of Slt2 suppressed the CWI defect caused by these metabolic defects.

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