Mass transfer analysis in PEFC diffusion layer by lattice gas automata method

Takashi Yoshimoto, Yosuke Matsukuma, Gen Inoue, Masaki Minemoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Knowing the movement of water in polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) is important for deciding the optimum shape of the cell and the optimum operating conditions. It is well known that PEFCs show the best performance under conditions of moderate relative humidity. However, the experimental measurement of water movement is difficult because of the flow through the complex geometry of the diffusion layer. Therefore, to observe the movement of water in a PEFC, microscopic analysis was performed by the lattice gas automata (LGA) method. The influence of prevention of gas diffusion by water was investigated. According to the channel configuration, the distribution of water was observed in the diffusion layer and the distribution of the extent of reaction between oxygen and hydrogen was affected. Moreover, because the influence of prevention of gas diffusion by water on the cathode side was more pronounced than that by water on the anode side, it was determined that the cathode side affects cell performance markedly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)653-659
Number of pages7
JournalJSME International Journal, Series B: Fluids and Thermal Engineering
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2006

Fingerprint

Electrolytes
fuel cells
mass transfer
Fuel cells
Polymers
Mass transfer
Gases
electrolytes
Water
polymers
gases
water
gaseous diffusion
Diffusion in gases
Cathodes
cathodes
cells
humidity
Hydrogen
Atmospheric humidity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Mass transfer analysis in PEFC diffusion layer by lattice gas automata method. / Yoshimoto, Takashi; Matsukuma, Yosuke; Inoue, Gen; Minemoto, Masaki.

In: JSME International Journal, Series B: Fluids and Thermal Engineering, Vol. 49, No. 3, 01.12.2006, p. 653-659.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{fecc37852f764fc3aab57e00e682d937,
title = "Mass transfer analysis in PEFC diffusion layer by lattice gas automata method",
abstract = "Knowing the movement of water in polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) is important for deciding the optimum shape of the cell and the optimum operating conditions. It is well known that PEFCs show the best performance under conditions of moderate relative humidity. However, the experimental measurement of water movement is difficult because of the flow through the complex geometry of the diffusion layer. Therefore, to observe the movement of water in a PEFC, microscopic analysis was performed by the lattice gas automata (LGA) method. The influence of prevention of gas diffusion by water was investigated. According to the channel configuration, the distribution of water was observed in the diffusion layer and the distribution of the extent of reaction between oxygen and hydrogen was affected. Moreover, because the influence of prevention of gas diffusion by water on the cathode side was more pronounced than that by water on the anode side, it was determined that the cathode side affects cell performance markedly.",
author = "Takashi Yoshimoto and Yosuke Matsukuma and Gen Inoue and Masaki Minemoto",
year = "2006",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1299/jsmeb.49.653",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "653--659",
journal = "JSME International Journal, Series B: Fluids and Thermal Engineering",
issn = "1340-8054",
publisher = "Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mass transfer analysis in PEFC diffusion layer by lattice gas automata method

AU - Yoshimoto, Takashi

AU - Matsukuma, Yosuke

AU - Inoue, Gen

AU - Minemoto, Masaki

PY - 2006/12/1

Y1 - 2006/12/1

N2 - Knowing the movement of water in polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) is important for deciding the optimum shape of the cell and the optimum operating conditions. It is well known that PEFCs show the best performance under conditions of moderate relative humidity. However, the experimental measurement of water movement is difficult because of the flow through the complex geometry of the diffusion layer. Therefore, to observe the movement of water in a PEFC, microscopic analysis was performed by the lattice gas automata (LGA) method. The influence of prevention of gas diffusion by water was investigated. According to the channel configuration, the distribution of water was observed in the diffusion layer and the distribution of the extent of reaction between oxygen and hydrogen was affected. Moreover, because the influence of prevention of gas diffusion by water on the cathode side was more pronounced than that by water on the anode side, it was determined that the cathode side affects cell performance markedly.

AB - Knowing the movement of water in polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) is important for deciding the optimum shape of the cell and the optimum operating conditions. It is well known that PEFCs show the best performance under conditions of moderate relative humidity. However, the experimental measurement of water movement is difficult because of the flow through the complex geometry of the diffusion layer. Therefore, to observe the movement of water in a PEFC, microscopic analysis was performed by the lattice gas automata (LGA) method. The influence of prevention of gas diffusion by water was investigated. According to the channel configuration, the distribution of water was observed in the diffusion layer and the distribution of the extent of reaction between oxygen and hydrogen was affected. Moreover, because the influence of prevention of gas diffusion by water on the cathode side was more pronounced than that by water on the anode side, it was determined that the cathode side affects cell performance markedly.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33847299453&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33847299453&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1299/jsmeb.49.653

DO - 10.1299/jsmeb.49.653

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33847299453

VL - 49

SP - 653

EP - 659

JO - JSME International Journal, Series B: Fluids and Thermal Engineering

JF - JSME International Journal, Series B: Fluids and Thermal Engineering

SN - 1340-8054

IS - 3

ER -