Measles virus hemagglutinin: Structural insights into cell entry and measles vaccine

Takao Hashiguchi, Katsumi Maenaka, Yusuke Yanagi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Measles is one of the most contagious viral diseases, and remains a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. The measles virus (MV), a member of the family Paramyxoviridae, enters cells through a cellular receptor, the signaling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM), CD46 or nectin-4. Entry is mediated by two MV envelope glyco-proteins, the hemagglutinin (H) and the fusion (F) protein. The H protein mediates receptor attachment, while the F protein causes membrane fusion. The interaction between the H and F proteins is essential to initiate the cell entry process. Recently determined crystal structures of the MV-H protein unbound and bound to SLAM or CD46 have provided insights into paramyxovirus entry and the effectiveness of measles vaccine.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume2
Issue numberDEC
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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