A flow-type method was adopted to measure the vapor-liquid equilibria for methanol + methyl laurate and methanol + methyl myristate systems at 493-543 K, near the critical temperature of methanol (Tc = 512.64 K), and 2.16-8.49 MPa. The effect of temperature and fatty acid methyl esters to the phase behavior was discussed. The mole fractions of methanol in liquid phase are almost the same for both systems. In vapor phase, the mole fractions of methanol are very close to unity at all temperatures. The present vapor-liquid equilibrium data were correlated by PRASOG. A binary parameter was introduced to the combining rule of size parameter. The binary parameters of methanol + fatty acid methyl ester systems were determined by fitting the present experimental data. The correlated results are in good agreement with the experimental data. The vapor-liquid equilibria for methanol + methyl laurate + glycerol and methanol + methyl myristate + glycerol ternary systems were also predicted using the methanol + fatty acid methyl ester binary parameters. The mole fractions of methanol in vapor phase are around unity even if glycerol is included in the systems.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry