Measurement and prediction of solubilities of hydrocarbon vapors in molten polymers

Yoshio Iwai, Yasuhiko Arai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The solubilities of m-xylene and nonane vapors in polystyrene and of ethylbenzene and nonane vapors in polybutadiene were measured with a sorption apparatus in the temperature range from 130 to 175°C and 80 to 130°C, respectively. A new expression for the free-volume term derived previously was coupled with UNIFAC to predict activities of hydrocarbons in polymer solutions. In this study, the UNIFAC-FV model has been reexamined and the parameters in the free volume term have been revised. The parameters in the UNIFAC-FV model can be calculated by the group contribution. The model was applied to predict solubilities, activities, or mass-fraction Henry constants for the systems studied here and published in the literature. From comparison of experiment with calculation it is found that the present UNIFAC-FV model can give fairly good predictions of such equilibrium properties of organic vapors in polymers on the basis of a knowledge of molecular structure alone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-161
Number of pages7
JournalJOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING OF JAPAN
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1989

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Hydrocarbons
Molten materials
Polymers
Solubility
Vapors
Free volume
Ethylbenzene
Polybutadienes
Polystyrenes
Xylene
Polymer solutions
Molecular structure
Sorption
Experiments
Temperature
nonane

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Measurement and prediction of solubilities of hydrocarbon vapors in molten polymers. / Iwai, Yoshio; Arai, Yasuhiko.

In: JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING OF JAPAN, Vol. 22, No. 2, 01.01.1989, p. 155-161.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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