Measurement of long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlations with the subevent cumulant method in pp and p +Pb collisions with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider

ATLAS Collaboration

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Abstract

A detailed study of multiparticle azimuthal correlations is presented using pp data at s=5.02 and 13 TeV, and p+Pb data at sNN=5.02 TeV, recorded with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The azimuthal correlations are probed using four-particle cumulants cn{4} and flow coefficients vn{4}=(-cn{4})1/4 for n=2 and 3, with the goal of extracting long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlation signals and suppressing the short-range correlations. The values of cn{4} are obtained as a function of the average number of charged particles per event, Nch, using the recently proposed two-subevent and three-subevent cumulant methods, and compared with results obtained with the standard cumulant method. The standard method is found to be strongly biased by short-range correlations, which originate mostly from jets with a positive contribution to cn{4}. The three-subevent method, on the other hand, is found to be least sensitive to short-range correlations. The three-subevent method gives a negative c2{4}, and therefore a well-defined v2{4}, nearly independent of Nch, which implies that the long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlations persist to events with low multiplicity. Furthermore, v2{4} is found to be smaller than the v2{2} measured using the two-particle correlation method, as expected for long-range collective behavior. Finally, the measured values of v2{4} and v2{2} are used to estimate the number of sources relevant for the initial eccentricity in the collision geometry. The results based on the subevent cumulant technique provide direct evidence, in small collision systems, for a long-range collectivity involving many particles distributed across a broad rapidity interval.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024904
JournalPhysical Review C
Volume97
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 12 2018

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collisions
detectors
flow coefficients
eccentricity
charged particles
intervals
estimates
geometry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

@article{85cca0270370429193fe337f5269bdf5,
title = "Measurement of long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlations with the subevent cumulant method in pp and p +Pb collisions with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider",
abstract = "A detailed study of multiparticle azimuthal correlations is presented using pp data at s=5.02 and 13 TeV, and p+Pb data at sNN=5.02 TeV, recorded with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The azimuthal correlations are probed using four-particle cumulants cn{4} and flow coefficients vn{4}=(-cn{4})1/4 for n=2 and 3, with the goal of extracting long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlation signals and suppressing the short-range correlations. The values of cn{4} are obtained as a function of the average number of charged particles per event, Nch, using the recently proposed two-subevent and three-subevent cumulant methods, and compared with results obtained with the standard cumulant method. The standard method is found to be strongly biased by short-range correlations, which originate mostly from jets with a positive contribution to cn{4}. The three-subevent method, on the other hand, is found to be least sensitive to short-range correlations. The three-subevent method gives a negative c2{4}, and therefore a well-defined v2{4}, nearly independent of Nch, which implies that the long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlations persist to events with low multiplicity. Furthermore, v2{4} is found to be smaller than the v2{2} measured using the two-particle correlation method, as expected for long-range collective behavior. Finally, the measured values of v2{4} and v2{2} are used to estimate the number of sources relevant for the initial eccentricity in the collision geometry. The results based on the subevent cumulant technique provide direct evidence, in small collision systems, for a long-range collectivity involving many particles distributed across a broad rapidity interval.",
author = "{ATLAS Collaboration} and M. Aaboud and G. Aad and B. Abbott and O. Abdinov and B. Abeloos and Abidi, {S. H.} and Abouzeid, {O. S.} and Abraham, {N. L.} and H. Abramowicz and H. Abreu and R. Abreu and Y. Abulaiti and Acharya, {B. S.} and S. Adachi and L. Adamczyk and J. Adelman and M. Adersberger and T. Adye and Affolder, {A. A.} and Y. Afik and T. Agatonovic-Jovin and C. Agheorghiesei and Aguilar-Saavedra, {J. A.} and Ahlen, {S. P.} and F. Ahmadov and G. Aielli and S. Akatsuka and H. Akerstedt and {\AA}kesson, {T. P.A.} and E. Akilli and Akimov, {A. V.} and Alberghi, {G. L.} and J. Albert and P. Albicocco and {Alconada Verzini}, {M. J.} and Alderweireldt, {S. C.} and M. Aleksa and Aleksandrov, {I. N.} and C. Alexa and G. Alexander and T. Alexopoulos and M. Alhroob and B. Ali and M. Aliev and G. Alimonti and J. Alison and Kiyotomo Kawagoe and Susumu Oda and Hidetoshi Otono and Junji Tojo",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevC.97.024904",
language = "English",
volume = "97",
journal = "Physical Review C",
issn = "2469-9985",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurement of long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlations with the subevent cumulant method in pp and p +Pb collisions with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider

AU - ATLAS Collaboration

AU - Aaboud, M.

AU - Aad, G.

AU - Abbott, B.

AU - Abdinov, O.

AU - Abeloos, B.

AU - Abidi, S. H.

AU - Abouzeid, O. S.

AU - Abraham, N. L.

AU - Abramowicz, H.

AU - Abreu, H.

AU - Abreu, R.

AU - Abulaiti, Y.

AU - Acharya, B. S.

AU - Adachi, S.

AU - Adamczyk, L.

AU - Adelman, J.

AU - Adersberger, M.

AU - Adye, T.

AU - Affolder, A. A.

AU - Afik, Y.

AU - Agatonovic-Jovin, T.

AU - Agheorghiesei, C.

AU - Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.

AU - Ahlen, S. P.

AU - Ahmadov, F.

AU - Aielli, G.

AU - Akatsuka, S.

AU - Akerstedt, H.

AU - Åkesson, T. P.A.

AU - Akilli, E.

AU - Akimov, A. V.

AU - Alberghi, G. L.

AU - Albert, J.

AU - Albicocco, P.

AU - Alconada Verzini, M. J.

AU - Alderweireldt, S. C.

AU - Aleksa, M.

AU - Aleksandrov, I. N.

AU - Alexa, C.

AU - Alexander, G.

AU - Alexopoulos, T.

AU - Alhroob, M.

AU - Ali, B.

AU - Aliev, M.

AU - Alimonti, G.

AU - Alison, J.

AU - Kawagoe, Kiyotomo

AU - Oda, Susumu

AU - Otono, Hidetoshi

AU - Tojo, Junji

PY - 2018/2/12

Y1 - 2018/2/12

N2 - A detailed study of multiparticle azimuthal correlations is presented using pp data at s=5.02 and 13 TeV, and p+Pb data at sNN=5.02 TeV, recorded with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The azimuthal correlations are probed using four-particle cumulants cn{4} and flow coefficients vn{4}=(-cn{4})1/4 for n=2 and 3, with the goal of extracting long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlation signals and suppressing the short-range correlations. The values of cn{4} are obtained as a function of the average number of charged particles per event, Nch, using the recently proposed two-subevent and three-subevent cumulant methods, and compared with results obtained with the standard cumulant method. The standard method is found to be strongly biased by short-range correlations, which originate mostly from jets with a positive contribution to cn{4}. The three-subevent method, on the other hand, is found to be least sensitive to short-range correlations. The three-subevent method gives a negative c2{4}, and therefore a well-defined v2{4}, nearly independent of Nch, which implies that the long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlations persist to events with low multiplicity. Furthermore, v2{4} is found to be smaller than the v2{2} measured using the two-particle correlation method, as expected for long-range collective behavior. Finally, the measured values of v2{4} and v2{2} are used to estimate the number of sources relevant for the initial eccentricity in the collision geometry. The results based on the subevent cumulant technique provide direct evidence, in small collision systems, for a long-range collectivity involving many particles distributed across a broad rapidity interval.

AB - A detailed study of multiparticle azimuthal correlations is presented using pp data at s=5.02 and 13 TeV, and p+Pb data at sNN=5.02 TeV, recorded with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The azimuthal correlations are probed using four-particle cumulants cn{4} and flow coefficients vn{4}=(-cn{4})1/4 for n=2 and 3, with the goal of extracting long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlation signals and suppressing the short-range correlations. The values of cn{4} are obtained as a function of the average number of charged particles per event, Nch, using the recently proposed two-subevent and three-subevent cumulant methods, and compared with results obtained with the standard cumulant method. The standard method is found to be strongly biased by short-range correlations, which originate mostly from jets with a positive contribution to cn{4}. The three-subevent method, on the other hand, is found to be least sensitive to short-range correlations. The three-subevent method gives a negative c2{4}, and therefore a well-defined v2{4}, nearly independent of Nch, which implies that the long-range multiparticle azimuthal correlations persist to events with low multiplicity. Furthermore, v2{4} is found to be smaller than the v2{2} measured using the two-particle correlation method, as expected for long-range collective behavior. Finally, the measured values of v2{4} and v2{2} are used to estimate the number of sources relevant for the initial eccentricity in the collision geometry. The results based on the subevent cumulant technique provide direct evidence, in small collision systems, for a long-range collectivity involving many particles distributed across a broad rapidity interval.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevC.97.024904

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevC.97.024904

M3 - Article

VL - 97

JO - Physical Review C

JF - Physical Review C

SN - 2469-9985

IS - 2

M1 - 024904

ER -