Measurement of the cross sections of the reactions e+e- → γγ and e+e- → γγγ at LEP

M. Z. Akwawy, G. Alexander, J. Allison, P. P. Allport, K. J. Anderson, J. C. Armitage, G. T.J. Arnison, P. Ashton, G. Azuelos, J. T.M. Baines, A. H. Ball, J. Banks, G. J. Barker, R. J. Barlow, J. R. Batley, G. Beaudoin, A. Beck, J. Becker, T. Behnke, K. W. Bell & 270 others G. Bella, S. Bethke, O. Biebel, U. Binder, I. J. Bloodworth, P. Bock, H. Breuker, R. M. Brown, R. Brun, A. Buijs, H. J. Burckhart, P. Capiluppi, R. K. Carnegie, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, J. T.M. Chrin, P. E.L. Clarke, I. Cohen, W. J. Collins, J. E. Conboy, M. Couch, M. Coupland, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, G. M. Dallavalle, S. De Jong, P. Debu, M. M. Deninno, A. Dieckmann, M. Dittmar, M. S. Dixit, E. Duchovni, I. P. Duerdoth, D. J.P. Dumas, P. A. Elcombe, P. G. Estabrooks, E. Etzion, F. Fabbri, P. Farthouat, H. M. Fischer, D. G. Fong, M. T. French, C. Fukunaga, A. Gaidot, O. Ganel, J. W. Gary, J. Gascon, N. I. Geddes, C. N.P. Gee, C. Geich-Gimbel, S. W. Gensler, F. X. Gentit, G. Giacomelli, V. Gibson, W. R. Gibson, J. D. Gillies, J. Goldberg, M. J. Goodrick, W. Gorn, D. Granite, E. Gross, J. Grunhaus, H. Hagedorn, J. Hagemann, M. Hansroul, C. K. Hargrove, I. Harrus, J. Hart, P. M. Hattersley, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, E. Heflin, R. J. Hemingway, R. D. Heuer, J. C. Hill, S. J. Hillier, D. A. Hinshaw, C. Ho, J. D. Hobbs, P. R. Hobson, D. Hochman, B. Holl, R. J. Homer, S. R. Hou, C. P. Howarth, R. E. Hughes-Jones, R. Humbert, P. Igo-Kemenes, H. Ihssen, D. C. Imrie, L. Janissen, A. Jawahery, P. W. Jeffreys, H. Jeremie, M. Jimack, M. Jobes, R. W.L. Jones, P. Jovanovic, D. Karlen, Kiyotomo Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, C. Kleinwort, D. E. Klem, G. Knop, T. Kobayashi, T. P. Kokott, L. Köpke, R. Kowalewski, H. Kreutzmann, J. Kroll, M. Kuwano, P. Kyberd, G. D. Lafferty, F. Lamarche, W. J. Larson, J. G. Layter, P. Le Du, P. Leblanc, A. M. Lee, M. H. Lehto, D. Lellouch, P. Lennert, C. Leroy, L. Lessard, S. Levegrün, L. Levinson, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, J. M. Lorah, B. Lorazo, M. J. Losty, J. Ludwig, J. Ma, A. A. Macbeth, M. Mannelli, S. Marcellini, G. Maringer, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, U. Maur, T. J. McMahon, J. R. McNutt, F. Meijers, D. Menszner, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, A. Michelini, R. P. Middleton, G. Mikenberg, J. Mildenberger, D. J. Miller, C. Milstene, M. Minowa, W. Mohr, C. Moisan, A. Montanari, T. Mori, M. W. Moss, P. G. Murphy, W. J. Murray, B. Nellen, H. H. Nguyen, M. Nozaki, A. J.P. O'Dowd, S. W. O'Neale, B. P. O'Neill, F. G. Oakham, F. Odorici, M. Ogg, H. Oh, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, J. P. Pansart, G. N. Patrick, S. J. Pawley, P. Pfister, J. E. Pilcher, J. L. Pinfold, D. E. Plane, B. Poli, A. Pouladdej, E. Prebys, T. W. Pritchard, H. Przysiezniak, G. Quast, M. W. Redmond, D. L. Rees, M. Regimbald, K. Riles, C. M. Roach, S. A. Robins, A. Rollnik, J. M. Roney, S. Rossberg, A. M. Rossi, P. Routenburg, K. Runge, O. Runolfsson, S. Sanghera, R. A. Sansum, M. Sasaki, B. J. Saunders, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, W. Schappert, P. Scharff-Hansen, S. Schreiber, J. Schwarz, A. Shapira, B. C. Shen, P. Sherwood, A. Simon, P. Singh, G. P. Siroli, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, T. J. Smith, G. A. Snow, R. W. Springer, M. Sproston, K. Stephens, H. E. Stier, R. Stroehmer, D. Strom, H. Takeda, T. Takeshita, P. Taras, N. J. Thackray, T. Tsukamoto, M. F. Turner, G. Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, D. Van den plas, R. Van Kooten, G. J. VanDalen, G. Vasseur, C. J. Virtue, H. von der Schmitt, J. von Krogh, A. Wagner, C. Wahl, J. P. Walker, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, M. Weber, S. Weisz, P. S. Wells, N. Wermes, M. Weymann, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, I. Wingerter, V. H. Winterer, N. C. Wood, S. Wotton, T. R. Wyatt, R. Yaari, Y. Yang, G. Yekutieli, T. Yoshida, W. Zeuner, G. T. Zorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The cross section of the pure QED process e+e-→γγ has been measured using data accumulated during the 1989 and 1990 scans of the Z0 resonance at LEP. Both the energy dependence and the angular distribution are in good agreement with the QED prediction. Upper limits on the branching ratios of Z0→γγ, Z0→π0γ and Z0→ηγ have been set at 1.4×10 -4, 1.4×10-4 and 2.0×10-4 respectively. Lower limits on the cutoff parameters of the modified electron propagator have been found to be Λ+ > 117 GeV and Λ- > 110 GeV. The reaction e+e- → γγγ has also been studied and was found to be consistent with the QED prediction. An upper limit on the branching ratio of Z0→γγγ has been set at 6.6 × 10-5. All the limits are given at 95% confidence level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)531-540
Number of pages10
JournalPhysics Letters B
Volume257
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 28 1991

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cross sections
predictions
confidence
cut-off
angular distribution
propagation
electrons
energy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Akwawy, M. Z., Alexander, G., Allison, J., Allport, P. P., Anderson, K. J., Armitage, J. C., ... Zorn, G. T. (1991). Measurement of the cross sections of the reactions e+e- → γγ and e+e- → γγγ at LEP. Physics Letters B, 257(3-4), 531-540. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(91)91932-L

Measurement of the cross sections of the reactions e+e- → γγ and e+e- → γγγ at LEP. / Akwawy, M. Z.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Allport, P. P.; Anderson, K. J.; Armitage, J. C.; Arnison, G. T.J.; Ashton, P.; Azuelos, G.; Baines, J. T.M.; Ball, A. H.; Banks, J.; Barker, G. J.; Barlow, R. J.; Batley, J. R.; Beaudoin, G.; Beck, A.; Becker, J.; Behnke, T.; Bell, K. W.; Bella, G.; Bethke, S.; Biebel, O.; Binder, U.; Bloodworth, I. J.; Bock, P.; Breuker, H.; Brown, R. M.; Brun, R.; Buijs, A.; Burckhart, H. J.; Capiluppi, P.; Carnegie, R. K.; Carter, A. A.; Carter, J. R.; Chang, C. Y.; Charlton, D. G.; Chrin, J. T.M.; Clarke, P. E.L.; Cohen, I.; Collins, W. J.; Conboy, J. E.; Couch, M.; Coupland, M.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; Dallavalle, G. M.; De Jong, S.; Debu, P.; Deninno, M. M.; Dieckmann, A.; Dittmar, M.; Dixit, M. S.; Duchovni, E.; Duerdoth, I. P.; Dumas, D. J.P.; Elcombe, P. A.; Estabrooks, P. G.; Etzion, E.; Fabbri, F.; Farthouat, P.; Fischer, H. M.; Fong, D. G.; French, M. T.; Fukunaga, C.; Gaidot, A.; Ganel, O.; Gary, J. W.; Gascon, J.; Geddes, N. I.; Gee, C. N.P.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Gensler, S. W.; Gentit, F. X.; Giacomelli, G.; Gibson, V.; Gibson, W. R.; Gillies, J. D.; Goldberg, J.; Goodrick, M. J.; Gorn, W.; Granite, D.; Gross, E.; Grunhaus, J.; Hagedorn, H.; Hagemann, J.; Hansroul, M.; Hargrove, C. K.; Harrus, I.; Hart, J.; Hattersley, P. M.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C. M.; Heflin, E.; Hemingway, R. J.; Heuer, R. D.; Hill, J. C.; Hillier, S. J.; Hinshaw, D. A.; Ho, C.; Hobbs, J. D.; Hobson, P. R.; Hochman, D.; Holl, B.; Homer, R. J.; Hou, S. R.; Howarth, C. P.; Hughes-Jones, R. E.; Humbert, R.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Ihssen, H.; Imrie, D. C.; Janissen, L.; Jawahery, A.; Jeffreys, P. W.; Jeremie, H.; Jimack, M.; Jobes, M.; Jones, R. W.L.; Jovanovic, P.; Karlen, D.; Kawagoe, Kiyotomo; Kawamoto, T.; Kellogg, R. G.; Kennedy, B. W.; Kleinwort, C.; Klem, D. E.; Knop, G.; Kobayashi, T.; Kokott, T. P.; Köpke, L.; Kowalewski, R.; Kreutzmann, H.; Kroll, J.; Kuwano, M.; Kyberd, P.; Lafferty, G. D.; Lamarche, F.; Larson, W. J.; Layter, J. G.; Le Du, P.; Leblanc, P.; Lee, A. M.; Lehto, M. H.; Lellouch, D.; Lennert, P.; Leroy, C.; Lessard, L.; Levegrün, S.; Levinson, L.; Lloyd, S. L.; Loebinger, F. K.; Lorah, J. M.; Lorazo, B.; Losty, M. J.; Ludwig, J.; Ma, J.; Macbeth, A. A.; Mannelli, M.; Marcellini, S.; Maringer, G.; Martin, A. J.; Martin, J. P.; Mashimo, T.; Mättig, P.; Maur, U.; McMahon, T. J.; McNutt, J. R.; Meijers, F.; Menszner, D.; Merritt, F. S.; Mes, H.; Michelini, A.; Middleton, R. P.; Mikenberg, G.; Mildenberger, J.; Miller, D. J.; Milstene, C.; Minowa, M.; Mohr, W.; Moisan, C.; Montanari, A.; Mori, T.; Moss, M. W.; Murphy, P. G.; Murray, W. J.; Nellen, B.; Nguyen, H. H.; Nozaki, M.; O'Dowd, A. J.P.; O'Neale, S. W.; O'Neill, B. P.; Oakham, F. G.; Odorici, F.; Ogg, M.; Oh, H.; Oreglia, M. J.; Orito, S.; Pansart, J. P.; Patrick, G. N.; Pawley, S. J.; Pfister, P.; Pilcher, J. E.; Pinfold, J. L.; Plane, D. E.; Poli, B.; Pouladdej, A.; Prebys, E.; Pritchard, T. W.; Przysiezniak, H.; Quast, G.; Redmond, M. W.; Rees, D. L.; Regimbald, M.; Riles, K.; Roach, C. M.; Robins, S. A.; Rollnik, A.; Roney, J. M.; Rossberg, S.; Rossi, A. M.; Routenburg, P.; Runge, K.; Runolfsson, O.; Sanghera, S.; Sansum, R. A.; Sasaki, M.; Saunders, B. J.; Schaile, A. D.; Schaile, O.; Schappert, W.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schreiber, S.; Schwarz, J.; Shapira, A.; Shen, B. C.; Sherwood, P.; Simon, A.; Singh, P.; Siroli, G. P.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A. M.; Smith, T. J.; Snow, G. A.; Springer, R. W.; Sproston, M.; Stephens, K.; Stier, H. E.; Stroehmer, R.; Strom, D.; Takeda, H.; Takeshita, T.; Taras, P.; Thackray, N. J.; Tsukamoto, T.; Turner, M. F.; Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G.; Van den plas, D.; Van Kooten, R.; VanDalen, G. J.; Vasseur, G.; Virtue, C. J.; von der Schmitt, H.; von Krogh, J.; Wagner, A.; Wahl, C.; Walker, J. P.; Ward, C. P.; Ward, D. R.; Watkins, P. M.; Watson, A. T.; Watson, N. K.; Weber, M.; Weisz, S.; Wells, P. S.; Wermes, N.; Weymann, M.; Wilson, G. W.; Wilson, J. A.; Wingerter, I.; Winterer, V. H.; Wood, N. C.; Wotton, S.; Wyatt, T. R.; Yaari, R.; Yang, Y.; Yekutieli, G.; Yoshida, T.; Zeuner, W.; Zorn, G. T.

In: Physics Letters B, Vol. 257, No. 3-4, 28.03.1991, p. 531-540.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Akwawy, MZ, Alexander, G, Allison, J, Allport, PP, Anderson, KJ, Armitage, JC, Arnison, GTJ, Ashton, P, Azuelos, G, Baines, JTM, Ball, AH, Banks, J, Barker, GJ, Barlow, RJ, Batley, JR, Beaudoin, G, Beck, A, Becker, J, Behnke, T, Bell, KW, Bella, G, Bethke, S, Biebel, O, Binder, U, Bloodworth, IJ, Bock, P, Breuker, H, Brown, RM, Brun, R, Buijs, A, Burckhart, HJ, Capiluppi, P, Carnegie, RK, Carter, AA, Carter, JR, Chang, CY, Charlton, DG, Chrin, JTM, Clarke, PEL, Cohen, I, Collins, WJ, Conboy, JE, Couch, M, Coupland, M, Cuffiani, M, Dado, S, Dallavalle, GM, De Jong, S, Debu, P, Deninno, MM, Dieckmann, A, Dittmar, M, Dixit, MS, Duchovni, E, Duerdoth, IP, Dumas, DJP, Elcombe, PA, Estabrooks, PG, Etzion, E, Fabbri, F, Farthouat, P, Fischer, HM, Fong, DG, French, MT, Fukunaga, C, Gaidot, A, Ganel, O, Gary, JW, Gascon, J, Geddes, NI, Gee, CNP, Geich-Gimbel, C, Gensler, SW, Gentit, FX, Giacomelli, G, Gibson, V, Gibson, WR, Gillies, JD, Goldberg, J, Goodrick, MJ, Gorn, W, Granite, D, Gross, E, Grunhaus, J, Hagedorn, H, Hagemann, J, Hansroul, M, Hargrove, CK, Harrus, I, Hart, J, Hattersley, PM, Hauschild, M, Hawkes, CM, Heflin, E, Hemingway, RJ, Heuer, RD, Hill, JC, Hillier, SJ, Hinshaw, DA, Ho, C, Hobbs, JD, Hobson, PR, Hochman, D, Holl, B, Homer, RJ, Hou, SR, Howarth, CP, Hughes-Jones, RE, Humbert, R, Igo-Kemenes, P, Ihssen, H, Imrie, DC, Janissen, L, Jawahery, A, Jeffreys, PW, Jeremie, H, Jimack, M, Jobes, M, Jones, RWL, Jovanovic, P, Karlen, D, Kawagoe, K, Kawamoto, T, Kellogg, RG, Kennedy, BW, Kleinwort, C, Klem, DE, Knop, G, Kobayashi, T, Kokott, TP, Köpke, L, Kowalewski, R, Kreutzmann, H, Kroll, J, Kuwano, M, Kyberd, P, Lafferty, GD, Lamarche, F, Larson, WJ, Layter, JG, Le Du, P, Leblanc, P, Lee, AM, Lehto, MH, Lellouch, D, Lennert, P, Leroy, C, Lessard, L, Levegrün, S, Levinson, L, Lloyd, SL, Loebinger, FK, Lorah, JM, Lorazo, B, Losty, MJ, Ludwig, J, Ma, J, Macbeth, AA, Mannelli, M, Marcellini, S, Maringer, G, Martin, AJ, Martin, JP, Mashimo, T, Mättig, P, Maur, U, McMahon, TJ, McNutt, JR, Meijers, F, Menszner, D, Merritt, FS, Mes, H, Michelini, A, Middleton, RP, Mikenberg, G, Mildenberger, J, Miller, DJ, Milstene, C, Minowa, M, Mohr, W, Moisan, C, Montanari, A, Mori, T, Moss, MW, Murphy, PG, Murray, WJ, Nellen, B, Nguyen, HH, Nozaki, M, O'Dowd, AJP, O'Neale, SW, O'Neill, BP, Oakham, FG, Odorici, F, Ogg, M, Oh, H, Oreglia, MJ, Orito, S, Pansart, JP, Patrick, GN, Pawley, SJ, Pfister, P, Pilcher, JE, Pinfold, JL, Plane, DE, Poli, B, Pouladdej, A, Prebys, E, Pritchard, TW, Przysiezniak, H, Quast, G, Redmond, MW, Rees, DL, Regimbald, M, Riles, K, Roach, CM, Robins, SA, Rollnik, A, Roney, JM, Rossberg, S, Rossi, AM, Routenburg, P, Runge, K, Runolfsson, O, Sanghera, S, Sansum, RA, Sasaki, M, Saunders, BJ, Schaile, AD, Schaile, O, Schappert, W, Scharff-Hansen, P, Schreiber, S, Schwarz, J, Shapira, A, Shen, BC, Sherwood, P, Simon, A, Singh, P, Siroli, GP, Skuja, A, Smith, AM, Smith, TJ, Snow, GA, Springer, RW, Sproston, M, Stephens, K, Stier, HE, Stroehmer, R, Strom, D, Takeda, H, Takeshita, T, Taras, P, Thackray, NJ, Tsukamoto, T, Turner, MF, Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G, Van den plas, D, Van Kooten, R, VanDalen, GJ, Vasseur, G, Virtue, CJ, von der Schmitt, H, von Krogh, J, Wagner, A, Wahl, C, Walker, JP, Ward, CP, Ward, DR, Watkins, PM, Watson, AT, Watson, NK, Weber, M, Weisz, S, Wells, PS, Wermes, N, Weymann, M, Wilson, GW, Wilson, JA, Wingerter, I, Winterer, VH, Wood, NC, Wotton, S, Wyatt, TR, Yaari, R, Yang, Y, Yekutieli, G, Yoshida, T, Zeuner, W & Zorn, GT 1991, 'Measurement of the cross sections of the reactions e+e- → γγ and e+e- → γγγ at LEP', Physics Letters B, vol. 257, no. 3-4, pp. 531-540. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(91)91932-L
Akwawy MZ, Alexander G, Allison J, Allport PP, Anderson KJ, Armitage JC et al. Measurement of the cross sections of the reactions e+e- → γγ and e+e- → γγγ at LEP. Physics Letters B. 1991 Mar 28;257(3-4):531-540. https://doi.org/10.1016/0370-2693(91)91932-L
Akwawy, M. Z. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, J. ; Allport, P. P. ; Anderson, K. J. ; Armitage, J. C. ; Arnison, G. T.J. ; Ashton, P. ; Azuelos, G. ; Baines, J. T.M. ; Ball, A. H. ; Banks, J. ; Barker, G. J. ; Barlow, R. J. ; Batley, J. R. ; Beaudoin, G. ; Beck, A. ; Becker, J. ; Behnke, T. ; Bell, K. W. ; Bella, G. ; Bethke, S. ; Biebel, O. ; Binder, U. ; Bloodworth, I. J. ; Bock, P. ; Breuker, H. ; Brown, R. M. ; Brun, R. ; Buijs, A. ; Burckhart, H. J. ; Capiluppi, P. ; Carnegie, R. K. ; Carter, A. A. ; Carter, J. R. ; Chang, C. Y. ; Charlton, D. G. ; Chrin, J. T.M. ; Clarke, P. E.L. ; Cohen, I. ; Collins, W. J. ; Conboy, J. E. ; Couch, M. ; Coupland, M. ; Cuffiani, M. ; Dado, S. ; Dallavalle, G. M. ; De Jong, S. ; Debu, P. ; Deninno, M. M. ; Dieckmann, A. ; Dittmar, M. ; Dixit, M. S. ; Duchovni, E. ; Duerdoth, I. P. ; Dumas, D. J.P. ; Elcombe, P. A. ; Estabrooks, P. G. ; Etzion, E. ; Fabbri, F. ; Farthouat, P. ; Fischer, H. M. ; Fong, D. G. ; French, M. T. ; Fukunaga, C. ; Gaidot, A. ; Ganel, O. ; Gary, J. W. ; Gascon, J. ; Geddes, N. I. ; Gee, C. N.P. ; Geich-Gimbel, C. ; Gensler, S. W. ; Gentit, F. X. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Gibson, V. ; Gibson, W. R. ; Gillies, J. D. ; Goldberg, J. ; Goodrick, M. J. ; Gorn, W. ; Granite, D. ; Gross, E. ; Grunhaus, J. ; Hagedorn, H. ; Hagemann, J. ; Hansroul, M. ; Hargrove, C. K. ; Harrus, I. ; Hart, J. ; Hattersley, P. M. ; Hauschild, M. ; Hawkes, C. M. ; Heflin, E. ; Hemingway, R. J. ; Heuer, R. D. ; Hill, J. C. ; Hillier, S. J. ; Hinshaw, D. A. ; Ho, C. ; Hobbs, J. D. ; Hobson, P. R. ; Hochman, D. ; Holl, B. ; Homer, R. J. ; Hou, S. R. ; Howarth, C. P. ; Hughes-Jones, R. E. ; Humbert, R. ; Igo-Kemenes, P. ; Ihssen, H. ; Imrie, D. C. ; Janissen, L. ; Jawahery, A. ; Jeffreys, P. W. ; Jeremie, H. ; Jimack, M. ; Jobes, M. ; Jones, R. W.L. ; Jovanovic, P. ; Karlen, D. ; Kawagoe, Kiyotomo ; Kawamoto, T. ; Kellogg, R. G. ; Kennedy, B. W. ; Kleinwort, C. ; Klem, D. E. ; Knop, G. ; Kobayashi, T. ; Kokott, T. P. ; Köpke, L. ; Kowalewski, R. ; Kreutzmann, H. ; Kroll, J. ; Kuwano, M. ; Kyberd, P. ; Lafferty, G. D. ; Lamarche, F. ; Larson, W. J. ; Layter, J. G. ; Le Du, P. ; Leblanc, P. ; Lee, A. M. ; Lehto, M. H. ; Lellouch, D. ; Lennert, P. ; Leroy, C. ; Lessard, L. ; Levegrün, S. ; Levinson, L. ; Lloyd, S. L. ; Loebinger, F. K. ; Lorah, J. M. ; Lorazo, B. ; Losty, M. J. ; Ludwig, J. ; Ma, J. ; Macbeth, A. A. ; Mannelli, M. ; Marcellini, S. ; Maringer, G. ; Martin, A. J. ; Martin, J. P. ; Mashimo, T. ; Mättig, P. ; Maur, U. ; McMahon, T. J. ; McNutt, J. R. ; Meijers, F. ; Menszner, D. ; Merritt, F. S. ; Mes, H. ; Michelini, A. ; Middleton, R. P. ; Mikenberg, G. ; Mildenberger, J. ; Miller, D. J. ; Milstene, C. ; Minowa, M. ; Mohr, W. ; Moisan, C. ; Montanari, A. ; Mori, T. ; Moss, M. W. ; Murphy, P. G. ; Murray, W. J. ; Nellen, B. ; Nguyen, H. H. ; Nozaki, M. ; O'Dowd, A. J.P. ; O'Neale, S. W. ; O'Neill, B. P. ; Oakham, F. G. ; Odorici, F. ; Ogg, M. ; Oh, H. ; Oreglia, M. J. ; Orito, S. ; Pansart, J. P. ; Patrick, G. N. ; Pawley, S. J. ; Pfister, P. ; Pilcher, J. E. ; Pinfold, J. L. ; Plane, D. E. ; Poli, B. ; Pouladdej, A. ; Prebys, E. ; Pritchard, T. W. ; Przysiezniak, H. ; Quast, G. ; Redmond, M. W. ; Rees, D. L. ; Regimbald, M. ; Riles, K. ; Roach, C. M. ; Robins, S. A. ; Rollnik, A. ; Roney, J. M. ; Rossberg, S. ; Rossi, A. M. ; Routenburg, P. ; Runge, K. ; Runolfsson, O. ; Sanghera, S. ; Sansum, R. A. ; Sasaki, M. ; Saunders, B. J. ; Schaile, A. D. ; Schaile, O. ; Schappert, W. ; Scharff-Hansen, P. ; Schreiber, S. ; Schwarz, J. ; Shapira, A. ; Shen, B. C. ; Sherwood, P. ; Simon, A. ; Singh, P. ; Siroli, G. P. ; Skuja, A. ; Smith, A. M. ; Smith, T. J. ; Snow, G. A. ; Springer, R. W. ; Sproston, M. ; Stephens, K. ; Stier, H. E. ; Stroehmer, R. ; Strom, D. ; Takeda, H. ; Takeshita, T. ; Taras, P. ; Thackray, N. J. ; Tsukamoto, T. ; Turner, M. F. ; Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G. ; Van den plas, D. ; Van Kooten, R. ; VanDalen, G. J. ; Vasseur, G. ; Virtue, C. J. ; von der Schmitt, H. ; von Krogh, J. ; Wagner, A. ; Wahl, C. ; Walker, J. P. ; Ward, C. P. ; Ward, D. R. ; Watkins, P. M. ; Watson, A. T. ; Watson, N. K. ; Weber, M. ; Weisz, S. ; Wells, P. S. ; Wermes, N. ; Weymann, M. ; Wilson, G. W. ; Wilson, J. A. ; Wingerter, I. ; Winterer, V. H. ; Wood, N. C. ; Wotton, S. ; Wyatt, T. R. ; Yaari, R. ; Yang, Y. ; Yekutieli, G. ; Yoshida, T. ; Zeuner, W. ; Zorn, G. T. / Measurement of the cross sections of the reactions e+e- → γγ and e+e- → γγγ at LEP. In: Physics Letters B. 1991 ; Vol. 257, No. 3-4. pp. 531-540.
@article{3f49304c5b8d487b981c7503b2a90230,
title = "Measurement of the cross sections of the reactions e+e- → γγ and e+e- → γγγ at LEP",
abstract = "The cross section of the pure QED process e+e-→γγ has been measured using data accumulated during the 1989 and 1990 scans of the Z0 resonance at LEP. Both the energy dependence and the angular distribution are in good agreement with the QED prediction. Upper limits on the branching ratios of Z0→γγ, Z0→π0γ and Z0→ηγ have been set at 1.4×10 -4, 1.4×10-4 and 2.0×10-4 respectively. Lower limits on the cutoff parameters of the modified electron propagator have been found to be Λ+ > 117 GeV and Λ- > 110 GeV. The reaction e+e- → γγγ has also been studied and was found to be consistent with the QED prediction. An upper limit on the branching ratio of Z0→γγγ has been set at 6.6 × 10-5. All the limits are given at 95{\%} confidence level.",
author = "Akwawy, {M. Z.} and G. Alexander and J. Allison and Allport, {P. P.} and Anderson, {K. J.} and Armitage, {J. C.} and Arnison, {G. T.J.} and P. Ashton and G. Azuelos and Baines, {J. T.M.} and Ball, {A. H.} and J. Banks and Barker, {G. J.} and Barlow, {R. J.} and Batley, {J. R.} and G. Beaudoin and A. Beck and J. Becker and T. Behnke and Bell, {K. W.} and G. Bella and S. Bethke and O. Biebel and U. Binder and Bloodworth, {I. J.} and P. Bock and H. Breuker and Brown, {R. M.} and R. Brun and A. Buijs and Burckhart, {H. J.} and P. Capiluppi and Carnegie, {R. K.} and Carter, {A. A.} and Carter, {J. R.} and Chang, {C. Y.} and Charlton, {D. G.} and Chrin, {J. T.M.} and Clarke, {P. E.L.} and I. Cohen and Collins, {W. J.} and Conboy, {J. E.} and M. Couch and M. Coupland and M. Cuffiani and S. Dado and Dallavalle, {G. M.} and {De Jong}, S. and P. Debu and Deninno, {M. M.} and A. Dieckmann and M. Dittmar and Dixit, {M. S.} and E. Duchovni and Duerdoth, {I. P.} and Dumas, {D. J.P.} and Elcombe, {P. A.} and Estabrooks, {P. G.} and E. Etzion and F. Fabbri and P. Farthouat and Fischer, {H. M.} and Fong, {D. G.} and French, {M. T.} and C. Fukunaga and A. Gaidot and O. Ganel and Gary, {J. W.} and J. Gascon and Geddes, {N. I.} and Gee, {C. N.P.} and C. Geich-Gimbel and Gensler, {S. W.} and Gentit, {F. X.} and G. Giacomelli and V. Gibson and Gibson, {W. R.} and Gillies, {J. D.} and J. Goldberg and Goodrick, {M. J.} and W. Gorn and D. Granite and E. Gross and J. Grunhaus and H. Hagedorn and J. Hagemann and M. Hansroul and Hargrove, {C. K.} and I. Harrus and J. Hart and Hattersley, {P. M.} and M. Hauschild and Hawkes, {C. M.} and E. Heflin and Hemingway, {R. J.} and Heuer, {R. D.} and Hill, {J. C.} and Hillier, {S. J.} and Hinshaw, {D. A.} and C. Ho and Hobbs, {J. D.} and Hobson, {P. R.} and D. Hochman and B. Holl and Homer, {R. J.} and Hou, {S. R.} and Howarth, {C. P.} and Hughes-Jones, {R. E.} and R. Humbert and P. Igo-Kemenes and H. Ihssen and Imrie, {D. C.} and L. Janissen and A. Jawahery and Jeffreys, {P. W.} and H. Jeremie and M. Jimack and M. Jobes and Jones, {R. W.L.} and P. Jovanovic and D. Karlen and Kiyotomo Kawagoe and T. Kawamoto and Kellogg, {R. G.} and Kennedy, {B. W.} and C. Kleinwort and Klem, {D. E.} and G. Knop and T. Kobayashi and Kokott, {T. P.} and L. K{\"o}pke and R. Kowalewski and H. Kreutzmann and J. Kroll and M. Kuwano and P. Kyberd and Lafferty, {G. D.} and F. Lamarche and Larson, {W. J.} and Layter, {J. G.} and {Le Du}, P. and P. Leblanc and Lee, {A. M.} and Lehto, {M. H.} and D. Lellouch and P. Lennert and C. Leroy and L. Lessard and S. Levegr{\"u}n and L. Levinson and Lloyd, {S. L.} and Loebinger, {F. K.} and Lorah, {J. M.} and B. Lorazo and Losty, {M. J.} and J. Ludwig and J. Ma and Macbeth, {A. A.} and M. Mannelli and S. Marcellini and G. Maringer and Martin, {A. J.} and Martin, {J. P.} and T. Mashimo and P. M{\"a}ttig and U. Maur and McMahon, {T. J.} and McNutt, {J. R.} and F. Meijers and D. Menszner and Merritt, {F. S.} and H. Mes and A. Michelini and Middleton, {R. P.} and G. Mikenberg and J. Mildenberger and Miller, {D. J.} and C. Milstene and M. Minowa and W. Mohr and C. Moisan and A. Montanari and T. Mori and Moss, {M. W.} and Murphy, {P. G.} and Murray, {W. J.} and B. Nellen and Nguyen, {H. H.} and M. Nozaki and O'Dowd, {A. J.P.} and O'Neale, {S. W.} and O'Neill, {B. P.} and Oakham, {F. G.} and F. Odorici and M. Ogg and H. Oh and Oreglia, {M. J.} and S. Orito and Pansart, {J. P.} and Patrick, {G. N.} and Pawley, {S. J.} and P. Pfister and Pilcher, {J. E.} and Pinfold, {J. L.} and Plane, {D. E.} and B. Poli and A. Pouladdej and E. Prebys and Pritchard, {T. W.} and H. Przysiezniak and G. Quast and Redmond, {M. W.} and Rees, {D. L.} and M. Regimbald and K. Riles and Roach, {C. M.} and Robins, {S. A.} and A. Rollnik and Roney, {J. M.} and S. Rossberg and Rossi, {A. M.} and P. Routenburg and K. Runge and O. Runolfsson and S. Sanghera and Sansum, {R. A.} and M. Sasaki and Saunders, {B. J.} and Schaile, {A. D.} and O. Schaile and W. Schappert and P. Scharff-Hansen and S. Schreiber and J. Schwarz and A. Shapira and Shen, {B. C.} and P. Sherwood and A. Simon and P. Singh and Siroli, {G. P.} and A. Skuja and Smith, {A. M.} and Smith, {T. J.} and Snow, {G. A.} and Springer, {R. W.} and M. Sproston and K. Stephens and Stier, {H. E.} and R. Stroehmer and D. Strom and H. Takeda and T. Takeshita and P. Taras and Thackray, {N. J.} and T. Tsukamoto and Turner, {M. F.} and G. Tysarczyk-Niemeyer and {Van den plas}, D. and {Van Kooten}, R. and VanDalen, {G. J.} and G. Vasseur and Virtue, {C. J.} and {von der Schmitt}, H. and {von Krogh}, J. and A. Wagner and C. Wahl and Walker, {J. P.} and Ward, {C. P.} and Ward, {D. R.} and Watkins, {P. M.} and Watson, {A. T.} and Watson, {N. K.} and M. Weber and S. Weisz and Wells, {P. S.} and N. Wermes and M. Weymann and Wilson, {G. W.} and Wilson, {J. A.} and I. Wingerter and Winterer, {V. H.} and Wood, {N. C.} and S. Wotton and Wyatt, {T. R.} and R. Yaari and Y. Yang and G. Yekutieli and T. Yoshida and W. Zeuner and Zorn, {G. T.}",
year = "1991",
month = "3",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1016/0370-2693(91)91932-L",
language = "English",
volume = "257",
pages = "531--540",
journal = "Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics",
issn = "0370-2693",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurement of the cross sections of the reactions e+e- → γγ and e+e- → γγγ at LEP

AU - Akwawy, M. Z.

AU - Alexander, G.

AU - Allison, J.

AU - Allport, P. P.

AU - Anderson, K. J.

AU - Armitage, J. C.

AU - Arnison, G. T.J.

AU - Ashton, P.

AU - Azuelos, G.

AU - Baines, J. T.M.

AU - Ball, A. H.

AU - Banks, J.

AU - Barker, G. J.

AU - Barlow, R. J.

AU - Batley, J. R.

AU - Beaudoin, G.

AU - Beck, A.

AU - Becker, J.

AU - Behnke, T.

AU - Bell, K. W.

AU - Bella, G.

AU - Bethke, S.

AU - Biebel, O.

AU - Binder, U.

AU - Bloodworth, I. J.

AU - Bock, P.

AU - Breuker, H.

AU - Brown, R. M.

AU - Brun, R.

AU - Buijs, A.

AU - Burckhart, H. J.

AU - Capiluppi, P.

AU - Carnegie, R. K.

AU - Carter, A. A.

AU - Carter, J. R.

AU - Chang, C. Y.

AU - Charlton, D. G.

AU - Chrin, J. T.M.

AU - Clarke, P. E.L.

AU - Cohen, I.

AU - Collins, W. J.

AU - Conboy, J. E.

AU - Couch, M.

AU - Coupland, M.

AU - Cuffiani, M.

AU - Dado, S.

AU - Dallavalle, G. M.

AU - De Jong, S.

AU - Debu, P.

AU - Deninno, M. M.

AU - Dieckmann, A.

AU - Dittmar, M.

AU - Dixit, M. S.

AU - Duchovni, E.

AU - Duerdoth, I. P.

AU - Dumas, D. J.P.

AU - Elcombe, P. A.

AU - Estabrooks, P. G.

AU - Etzion, E.

AU - Fabbri, F.

AU - Farthouat, P.

AU - Fischer, H. M.

AU - Fong, D. G.

AU - French, M. T.

AU - Fukunaga, C.

AU - Gaidot, A.

AU - Ganel, O.

AU - Gary, J. W.

AU - Gascon, J.

AU - Geddes, N. I.

AU - Gee, C. N.P.

AU - Geich-Gimbel, C.

AU - Gensler, S. W.

AU - Gentit, F. X.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Gibson, V.

AU - Gibson, W. R.

AU - Gillies, J. D.

AU - Goldberg, J.

AU - Goodrick, M. J.

AU - Gorn, W.

AU - Granite, D.

AU - Gross, E.

AU - Grunhaus, J.

AU - Hagedorn, H.

AU - Hagemann, J.

AU - Hansroul, M.

AU - Hargrove, C. K.

AU - Harrus, I.

AU - Hart, J.

AU - Hattersley, P. M.

AU - Hauschild, M.

AU - Hawkes, C. M.

AU - Heflin, E.

AU - Hemingway, R. J.

AU - Heuer, R. D.

AU - Hill, J. C.

AU - Hillier, S. J.

AU - Hinshaw, D. A.

AU - Ho, C.

AU - Hobbs, J. D.

AU - Hobson, P. R.

AU - Hochman, D.

AU - Holl, B.

AU - Homer, R. J.

AU - Hou, S. R.

AU - Howarth, C. P.

AU - Hughes-Jones, R. E.

AU - Humbert, R.

AU - Igo-Kemenes, P.

AU - Ihssen, H.

AU - Imrie, D. C.

AU - Janissen, L.

AU - Jawahery, A.

AU - Jeffreys, P. W.

AU - Jeremie, H.

AU - Jimack, M.

AU - Jobes, M.

AU - Jones, R. W.L.

AU - Jovanovic, P.

AU - Karlen, D.

AU - Kawagoe, Kiyotomo

AU - Kawamoto, T.

AU - Kellogg, R. G.

AU - Kennedy, B. W.

AU - Kleinwort, C.

AU - Klem, D. E.

AU - Knop, G.

AU - Kobayashi, T.

AU - Kokott, T. P.

AU - Köpke, L.

AU - Kowalewski, R.

AU - Kreutzmann, H.

AU - Kroll, J.

AU - Kuwano, M.

AU - Kyberd, P.

AU - Lafferty, G. D.

AU - Lamarche, F.

AU - Larson, W. J.

AU - Layter, J. G.

AU - Le Du, P.

AU - Leblanc, P.

AU - Lee, A. M.

AU - Lehto, M. H.

AU - Lellouch, D.

AU - Lennert, P.

AU - Leroy, C.

AU - Lessard, L.

AU - Levegrün, S.

AU - Levinson, L.

AU - Lloyd, S. L.

AU - Loebinger, F. K.

AU - Lorah, J. M.

AU - Lorazo, B.

AU - Losty, M. J.

AU - Ludwig, J.

AU - Ma, J.

AU - Macbeth, A. A.

AU - Mannelli, M.

AU - Marcellini, S.

AU - Maringer, G.

AU - Martin, A. J.

AU - Martin, J. P.

AU - Mashimo, T.

AU - Mättig, P.

AU - Maur, U.

AU - McMahon, T. J.

AU - McNutt, J. R.

AU - Meijers, F.

AU - Menszner, D.

AU - Merritt, F. S.

AU - Mes, H.

AU - Michelini, A.

AU - Middleton, R. P.

AU - Mikenberg, G.

AU - Mildenberger, J.

AU - Miller, D. J.

AU - Milstene, C.

AU - Minowa, M.

AU - Mohr, W.

AU - Moisan, C.

AU - Montanari, A.

AU - Mori, T.

AU - Moss, M. W.

AU - Murphy, P. G.

AU - Murray, W. J.

AU - Nellen, B.

AU - Nguyen, H. H.

AU - Nozaki, M.

AU - O'Dowd, A. J.P.

AU - O'Neale, S. W.

AU - O'Neill, B. P.

AU - Oakham, F. G.

AU - Odorici, F.

AU - Ogg, M.

AU - Oh, H.

AU - Oreglia, M. J.

AU - Orito, S.

AU - Pansart, J. P.

AU - Patrick, G. N.

AU - Pawley, S. J.

AU - Pfister, P.

AU - Pilcher, J. E.

AU - Pinfold, J. L.

AU - Plane, D. E.

AU - Poli, B.

AU - Pouladdej, A.

AU - Prebys, E.

AU - Pritchard, T. W.

AU - Przysiezniak, H.

AU - Quast, G.

AU - Redmond, M. W.

AU - Rees, D. L.

AU - Regimbald, M.

AU - Riles, K.

AU - Roach, C. M.

AU - Robins, S. A.

AU - Rollnik, A.

AU - Roney, J. M.

AU - Rossberg, S.

AU - Rossi, A. M.

AU - Routenburg, P.

AU - Runge, K.

AU - Runolfsson, O.

AU - Sanghera, S.

AU - Sansum, R. A.

AU - Sasaki, M.

AU - Saunders, B. J.

AU - Schaile, A. D.

AU - Schaile, O.

AU - Schappert, W.

AU - Scharff-Hansen, P.

AU - Schreiber, S.

AU - Schwarz, J.

AU - Shapira, A.

AU - Shen, B. C.

AU - Sherwood, P.

AU - Simon, A.

AU - Singh, P.

AU - Siroli, G. P.

AU - Skuja, A.

AU - Smith, A. M.

AU - Smith, T. J.

AU - Snow, G. A.

AU - Springer, R. W.

AU - Sproston, M.

AU - Stephens, K.

AU - Stier, H. E.

AU - Stroehmer, R.

AU - Strom, D.

AU - Takeda, H.

AU - Takeshita, T.

AU - Taras, P.

AU - Thackray, N. J.

AU - Tsukamoto, T.

AU - Turner, M. F.

AU - Tysarczyk-Niemeyer, G.

AU - Van den plas, D.

AU - Van Kooten, R.

AU - VanDalen, G. J.

AU - Vasseur, G.

AU - Virtue, C. J.

AU - von der Schmitt, H.

AU - von Krogh, J.

AU - Wagner, A.

AU - Wahl, C.

AU - Walker, J. P.

AU - Ward, C. P.

AU - Ward, D. R.

AU - Watkins, P. M.

AU - Watson, A. T.

AU - Watson, N. K.

AU - Weber, M.

AU - Weisz, S.

AU - Wells, P. S.

AU - Wermes, N.

AU - Weymann, M.

AU - Wilson, G. W.

AU - Wilson, J. A.

AU - Wingerter, I.

AU - Winterer, V. H.

AU - Wood, N. C.

AU - Wotton, S.

AU - Wyatt, T. R.

AU - Yaari, R.

AU - Yang, Y.

AU - Yekutieli, G.

AU - Yoshida, T.

AU - Zeuner, W.

AU - Zorn, G. T.

PY - 1991/3/28

Y1 - 1991/3/28

N2 - The cross section of the pure QED process e+e-→γγ has been measured using data accumulated during the 1989 and 1990 scans of the Z0 resonance at LEP. Both the energy dependence and the angular distribution are in good agreement with the QED prediction. Upper limits on the branching ratios of Z0→γγ, Z0→π0γ and Z0→ηγ have been set at 1.4×10 -4, 1.4×10-4 and 2.0×10-4 respectively. Lower limits on the cutoff parameters of the modified electron propagator have been found to be Λ+ > 117 GeV and Λ- > 110 GeV. The reaction e+e- → γγγ has also been studied and was found to be consistent with the QED prediction. An upper limit on the branching ratio of Z0→γγγ has been set at 6.6 × 10-5. All the limits are given at 95% confidence level.

AB - The cross section of the pure QED process e+e-→γγ has been measured using data accumulated during the 1989 and 1990 scans of the Z0 resonance at LEP. Both the energy dependence and the angular distribution are in good agreement with the QED prediction. Upper limits on the branching ratios of Z0→γγ, Z0→π0γ and Z0→ηγ have been set at 1.4×10 -4, 1.4×10-4 and 2.0×10-4 respectively. Lower limits on the cutoff parameters of the modified electron propagator have been found to be Λ+ > 117 GeV and Λ- > 110 GeV. The reaction e+e- → γγγ has also been studied and was found to be consistent with the QED prediction. An upper limit on the branching ratio of Z0→γγγ has been set at 6.6 × 10-5. All the limits are given at 95% confidence level.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=2842570182&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=2842570182&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0370-2693(91)91932-L

DO - 10.1016/0370-2693(91)91932-L

M3 - Article

VL - 257

SP - 531

EP - 540

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

SN - 0370-2693

IS - 3-4

ER -