Measurement of tritium in tungsten deposition layer by imaging plate technique after exposure to gaseous tritium

M. Noguchi, Kazunari Katayama, Y. Torikai, N. Ashikawa, A. Taguchi, Satoshi Fukada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

It is important to understand tritium desorption behavior from plasma-facing materials of a fusion reactor in order to discuss effective tritium recovery method from in-vessel components. However, basic behavior of hydrogen isotopes in W deposition layer is not understood completely. In this study, characterized tungsten deposition layer formed by hydrogen plasma sputtering was exposed to gaseous tritium at 300 °C or 500 °C and tritium desorption behavior by vacuum heating was investigated by the imaging plate technique. For comparison, bare tungsten substrates were exposed to gaseous tritium in the same condition. Initial tritium activity in the deposition layer was much higher than that in the bare substrate. Tritium desorption behavior from tungsten deposition layer was different by the temperature of the layer during tritium exposure process. By heating at 500 °C for 1 h, 97.5% of tritium was desorbed from the layer exposed to tritium at 300 °C. On the other hand, by heating at 500 °C for 2 h, only 44.6% of tritium was desorbed from the layer exposed to tritium at 500 °C. To recover most tritium from W deposition layer and W substrate, heating at above 700 °C is required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-261
Number of pages5
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume124
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017

Fingerprint

Tungsten
Tritium
Imaging techniques
Heating
Desorption
Hydrogen
Substrates
Plasmas
Facings
Fusion reactors
Isotopes
Sputtering

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Measurement of tritium in tungsten deposition layer by imaging plate technique after exposure to gaseous tritium. / Noguchi, M.; Katayama, Kazunari; Torikai, Y.; Ashikawa, N.; Taguchi, A.; Fukada, Satoshi.

In: Fusion Engineering and Design, Vol. 124, 01.11.2017, p. 257-261.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Noguchi, M. ; Katayama, Kazunari ; Torikai, Y. ; Ashikawa, N. ; Taguchi, A. ; Fukada, Satoshi. / Measurement of tritium in tungsten deposition layer by imaging plate technique after exposure to gaseous tritium. In: Fusion Engineering and Design. 2017 ; Vol. 124. pp. 257-261.
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