Measurements of the turbulent energy dissipation rate around the shelf break in the East China Sea

Takeshi Matsuno, Manabu Shimizu, Yasuhiro Morii, Hideaki Nishida, Yasuaki Takaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using the micro-structure profiler, TurboMAP, large values for the turbulent energy dissipation rate ε were found just above the bottom of the shelf and around the thermocline near the continental shelf break in the East China Sea. The values found above the bottom are produced by the bottom stress due to tidal currents, resulting in a distinct bottom mixed layer where the vertical eddy diffusivity Kz is also large. Distinct maxima in the values of ε detected around the thermocline are located at the depth of the fine-scale shear maxima detected with the moored ADCP. The vertical profiles of ε were compared with those of the current velocity, and it was found that the maxima in ε appear to correspond to those of the shear with fine scale. The magnitude of the observed ε coincided approximately with the ε calculated from the fine-scale shear and the buoyancy frequency according to the parameterization proposed by Gregg (1989), if the large-scale mean shear caused by the Kuroshio is subtracted. However, it is not clear whether the parameterization for the internal wave fields in the open ocean is applicable to the estimation of ε in the shelf break. Whereas the most predominant value of ε was found just above the bottom and around the thermocline, the maxima of ε could be found in the internal area. They could have been caused by the propagation of the vertically high wave number internal tides along the characteristic ray.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1029-1037
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Oceanography
Volume61
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oceanography

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