Mechanical and hydrological time-dependent properties of granulated blast furnace slag-sand mixture in soft ground improvement

T. Sakata, Noriyuki Yasufuku, Ryohei Ishikura, A. Alowaisy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Every year about 20 million tons of Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GBFS) are produced as a manufacturing byproduct. GBFS is mainly utilized in cement production accounting for 70% of the total utilized weight, while the geotechnical engineering applications accounts for 2%. Therefore, finding innovative utilization methods is a necessity. It was reported that the GBFS can be used as substitutive material in sand compaction pile (SCP) method. This study aims at evaluating the time-dependent mechanical, hydrological and chemical properties of the GBFS and the GBFS-sand mixtures. It was found that for early hydration stage, the hydrological and mechanical properties of the GBFS depends on the micro-structure of the material, while the generation of the calcium silicate hydrate can be neglected. On the other hand, for longer curing time the influence of the calcium hydrate silicate generation becomes significant. Finally, it was concluded that mixing the GBFS with sand is a simple efficient way to control the time dependent mechanical, hydrological and chemical properties of the GBFS, however, the combined effect of the hydration reaction rate and the void ratio developments in response to the mixing ratio and the curing time should be properly considered to optimize utilizing the GBFS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-296
Number of pages12
Journallowland technology international
Volume20
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

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Slags
Sand
Hydrates
Hydration
Mechanical properties
Chemical properties
Curing
Calcium silicate
Geotechnical engineering
Reaction rates
Piles
Silicates
Byproducts
Calcium
Cements
Compaction
Microstructure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Mechanical and hydrological time-dependent properties of granulated blast furnace slag-sand mixture in soft ground improvement",
abstract = "Every year about 20 million tons of Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GBFS) are produced as a manufacturing byproduct. GBFS is mainly utilized in cement production accounting for 70{\%} of the total utilized weight, while the geotechnical engineering applications accounts for 2{\%}. Therefore, finding innovative utilization methods is a necessity. It was reported that the GBFS can be used as substitutive material in sand compaction pile (SCP) method. This study aims at evaluating the time-dependent mechanical, hydrological and chemical properties of the GBFS and the GBFS-sand mixtures. It was found that for early hydration stage, the hydrological and mechanical properties of the GBFS depends on the micro-structure of the material, while the generation of the calcium silicate hydrate can be neglected. On the other hand, for longer curing time the influence of the calcium hydrate silicate generation becomes significant. Finally, it was concluded that mixing the GBFS with sand is a simple efficient way to control the time dependent mechanical, hydrological and chemical properties of the GBFS, however, the combined effect of the hydration reaction rate and the void ratio developments in response to the mixing ratio and the curing time should be properly considered to optimize utilizing the GBFS.",
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AU - Alowaisy, A.

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