Mechanical behavior of the crystal lattice of natural cellulose in wood under repeated uniaxial tension stress in the fiber direction

Takahisa Nakai, Hiroyuki Yamamoto, Tetsuya Nakao, Masatoshi Hamatake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the relationship between the cellulose crystal lattice strain (crystalline region) and the macroscopic surface strain in specimens of Chamaecyparis obtusa wood under repeated uniaxial tension stress in the fiber direction. Changes in the strain of the crystal lattice were measured from the peak of (004) reflection using the transit X-ray method. The macroscopic surface strain of each specimen was measured with a strain gauge. In both loading and unloading, the surface strain changed linearly with changes in stress. However, crystal lattice strain was not linear but exhibited changes along a curve with changing stress. Under stressed conditions, the crystal lattice strain was always less than the surface strain, regardless of the frequency of repetition in the loading and unloading cycle. The ratio of the crystal lattice strain to the surface strain showed a negative correlation for stress in both loading and unloading. That is, the ratio decreased with increasing stress, and finally tend to converge to a specific value. The ratio (I/I 0 ) between the diffracted intensity (I 0 ) in the (004) plane in the unloaded condition and the diffracted intensity (I) in the (004) plane in the loaded condition tend to converge on a specific value with increasing frequency of repetition. When the substantial tension Young's modulus of the wood in the longitudinal direction decreased, the ratio of the strain of the crystal lattice to the surface strain also decreased. Moreover, the ratio decreased with increasing microfibril angle of the specimen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)683-695
Number of pages13
JournalWood Science and Technology
Volume40
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Forestry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Plant Science
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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