Solid films of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) containing a hydrated ionic liquid, choline dihydrogen phosphate (CDP), were prepared by a solvent-casting method. Thermal properties, aggregation structure, thermal molecular motion, and tensile properties of CDP-containing DNA films were examined by thermogravimetry (TG), wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) measurement, dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), and tensile tests, respectively. The water retentivity of the films at room temperature was much improved with CDP. The packing density of DNA helical chains clearly depended on the amount of CDP in the film. A small amount of CDP contributed to the suppression of the BI → BII conformational transition and the cooperative motion of the DNA duplex in the film. The tensile properties of the film drastically changed in the presence of CDP. When the amount of hydrated CDP in the film increased, the mechanical response of the film changed from glassy-like to rubbery-like via a semicrystalline-like state. The above results make it clear that CDP plays two major roles as a water absorber and plasticizer in the DNA film. Thus, it can be concluded that the use of an ionic liquid as an additive significantly increases the possibility of using a DNA solid film as a structural material.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry