Mechanics of posterior stabilized total knee arthroplasty during daily activities in relation to prosthesis condylar and post-cam design: A finite element study

Mohd Afzan Mohd Anuar, Mitsugu Todo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The mechanic of TKA prosthesis in relation to prosthesis design remains unclear despite of previous extensive research. This study attempts to observe the stress states and contact mechanics of polyethylene (PE) insert of knee prosthesis during common daily activities and their relation with condylar and post-cam design. Knee joint loadings during walking, stair climbing, chair sitting and deep squatting were applied to Scorpio Superflex and Scorpio Non-Restricted Geometry (NRG) knee implants using 6-degree-of-freedom (DOF) displacement-force driven model. Finite element models were developed in FEMAP using tetrahedron elements while motions of knee joint were modelled in LS-DYNA. Design of Superflex serves relatively good conformity but more rotational resistance that leads to surface distortion. NRG, however, has more relaxed geometry without compromising the needs of appropriate conforming articular surfaces. This research demonstrated that PE tibial insert stress conditions are closely associated with condylar and post-cam geometry. Conforming interfaces serve good wear resistance, however provide surface constraint towards motion, which leads to surface distortion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-228
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Mechanical Engineering
VolumeSI 4
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Mechanics of posterior stabilized total knee arthroplasty during daily activities in relation to prosthesis condylar and post-cam design: A finite element study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this