Fundamental mechanism governing the fracture toughness of materials is reviewed in terms of a concept of the interaction between a crack and dislocations. The mechanism behind brittle-to-ductile transition (BDT) is demonstrated using a simple model based on dislocation dynamics and the theory of cracktip shielding by dislocations. The effects of dislocation mobility as well as dislocation sources on the BDT behavior are discussed, which enables us to understand the various factors such as grain refinement influencing fracture toughness.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry