PolyA polymerase (PAP) adds a polyA tail onto the 3′-end of RNAs without a nucleic acid template, using adenosine-5′-triphosphate (ATP) as a substrate. The mechanism for the substrate selection by eubacterial PAP remains obscure. Structural and biochemical studies of Escherichia coli PAP (EcPAP) revealed that the shape and size of the nucleobase-interacting pocket of EcPAP are maintained by an intra-molecular hydrogen-network, making it suitable for the accommodation of only ATP, using a single amino acid, Arg 197. The pocket structure is sustained by interactions between the catalytic domain and the RNA-binding domain. EcPAP has a flexible basic C-terminal region that contributes to optimal RNA translocation for processive adenosine 5′-monophosphate (AMP) incorporations onto the 3′-end of RNAs. A comparison of the EcPAP structure with those of other template-independent RNA polymerases suggests that structural changes of domain(s) outside the conserved catalytic core domain altered the substrate specificities of the template-independent RNA polymerases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology