In order to clarify the mechanism(s) by which cyclic GMP inhibits the generation of inositol phosphates in rat aorta segments and cultured bovine aortic smooth muscle cells, we studied phosphoinositide hydrolysis and GTPase activity in homogenates and membrane preparations of cultured bovine aortic smooth muscle cells. Pretreatment of homogenate preparations with cyclic GMP plus ATP did not inhibit [8-arginine, 3H] vasopressin (AVP) binding, but resulted in a total suppression of the AVP-induced GTPase activation. The pretreatment with cyclic GMP and ATP also inhibited the formation of inositol phosphates induced by AVP in the presence of low concentrations of guanosine 5'-(γ-thio)triphosphate (GTPγS), or by high concentrations of GTPγS alone. However, the formation of inositol phosphates by high concentrations of Ca2+ alone was not blocked. These results suggest that the ability of cyclic GMP to inhibit phosphoinositide hydrolysis results from a inhibition of a guanine nucleotide regulatory protein activation, and the interaction between guanine nucleotide regulatory protein and phospholipase C. While the precise site of this inhibition is not presently known, the inhibition by cyclic GMP is dependent upon the addition of ATP and probably entails a phosphorylation event since adenylylimidodiphosphate can not substitute for the ATP requirement.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1990|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology