Mechanism of endothelium-dependent relaxation induced by thrombin in the pig coronary artery

Osamu Mizuno, Katsuya Hirano, Junji Nishimura, Chiharu Kubo, Hideo Kanaide

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The mechanism of thrombin-induced endothelium-dependent relaxation was investigated using fura-2 front-surface fluorometry. Thrombin induced an endothelium-dependent relaxation during U46619-induced contractions in pig coronary arterial strips. The relaxation consisted of two components: the early phasic component with a transient decrease in [Ca2+](i) of smooth muscle and the subsequent sustained tonic component without [Ca2+](i) decrease. The phasic relaxation was inhibited by a combination of N(ω)- nitro-L-arginine and K+-depolarization, while the tonic component was inhibited by either indomethacin or K+-depolarization. Thrombin induced a transient [Ca2+](i) increase and nitric oxide (NO) production in pig aortic valvular endothelial cells, which expressed NO synthase as determined by reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction. Thus, it was concluded that NO and hyperpolarizing factor were involved in the phasic component of thrombin-induced relaxation and that hyperpolarizing factor and prostacyclin were involved in the tonic component.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-77
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume351
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 12 1998

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Thrombin
Endothelium
Coronary Vessels
Swine
Nitric Oxide
15-Hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic Acid
Fluorometry
Fura-2
Epoprostenol
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Indomethacin
Reverse Transcription
Smooth Muscle
Arginine
Endothelial Cells
Polymerase Chain Reaction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Mechanism of endothelium-dependent relaxation induced by thrombin in the pig coronary artery. / Mizuno, Osamu; Hirano, Katsuya; Nishimura, Junji; Kubo, Chiharu; Kanaide, Hideo.

In: European Journal of Pharmacology, Vol. 351, No. 1, 12.06.1998, p. 67-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mizuno, Osamu ; Hirano, Katsuya ; Nishimura, Junji ; Kubo, Chiharu ; Kanaide, Hideo. / Mechanism of endothelium-dependent relaxation induced by thrombin in the pig coronary artery. In: European Journal of Pharmacology. 1998 ; Vol. 351, No. 1. pp. 67-77.
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