Mechanism of lack of development of negative endocochlear potential in guinea pigs with hair cell loss

Shizuo Komune, Takashi Nakagawa, Kazutaka Hisashi, Takashi Kimitsuki, Takuya Uemura

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The endocochlear potential (EP), and the concentration of K+, Na+ and Cl- were measured simultaneously in endolymph of guinea pigs. The EP was 85.6±0.8 mV in normal guinea pigs, 90.7±0.8 mV in the kanamycin-treated animals, and 91.6 ±1.2 mV in those treated with nitrogen mustard-N-oxide (NMNO). Thirty minutes after the onset of anoxia, the EP (negative EP) was -29.3 ± 1.0 mV in the normal group, -0.2±1.0 mV in the kanamycintreated group, and -1.9±1.3 mV in the NMNO-treated group. The permeability coefficients of K+ (Pk), Na+ (Pna) and Cl- (Pcl) across the endolymph-perilymph barrier during the period of 20-30 min after the onset of anoxia in the normal group were (341.6±38.2) × 10-9 cm3 sec-1, (53.0±8.1) × 10-9 cm3 sec-1 and (111.8±27.2) × 10-9 cm3 sec-1, respectively. Pk was decreased in the kanamycin- and NMNO-treated groups. Pna did not differ between the normal and treated groups. Pcl was increased in the kanamycin- and NMNO-treated groups. The K+:Na+:Cl- permeability ratio was 1:0.16:0.32 in the normal group, 1:1.12:11.6 in the kanamycin-treated group, and 1:0.44:5.60 in the NMNO-treated group. The results indicate that the lack of development of a negative EP in the kanamycin- and NMNO-treated guinea pigs was attributable to the increased Pcland the decreased Pk across the endolymph-perilymph barrier, probably the organ of Corti. during anoxia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-204
Number of pages8
JournalHearing Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1993


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sensory Systems

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