Mechanisms of a conversion from membrane associated lysosomal acid phosphatase to content forms

Masaru Himeno, Katsuji Nakamura, Yoshitaka Tanaka, Hidenori Yamada, Taiji Imoto, Keitaro Kato

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We reported that membrane-associated APase (M-APase) is anchored in the lipid bilayer through its hydrophobic sequence close to the COOH-terminus [Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1989) 162, 1044-1053] and is released from lysosomal membranes into the lysosomal contents by limited proteolysis with cathepsin D [J. Biochem. (1990) 108, 287-291]. We here report the conversion process of M-APase to three forms of the content enzyme (C-APase I, II, and III) by assigning the COOH-terminus of each APase in lysosomes. The purified M-APase (67 kDa) was subjected to COOH-terminal determination after digestion with cathepsin D. The COOH-terminus of cathepsin D-digested M-APase (65 kDa) ended at the position of the 382nd leucine residue. The COOH-termini of C-APase I (48 kDa) and III (64 kDa) were also determined. Since the two enzymes ended at the same position of the 373rd alanine residue, this COOH-terminal is 9 amino acid residues shorter than that of cathepsin D-digested M-APase. Then, we compared NH2-terminal sequences of the three enzymes, and found that those of three enzymes are exactly the same. Therefore, protein portions of C-APase I and III proved to be identical. The above results indicate that in lysosomes M-APase is first hydrolyzed between amino acid residues 382 and 383 by cathepsin D, and after solubilization, the enzyme is converted to C-APase III by losing 9 amino acid residues by lysosomal carboxypeptidase(s). Molecular weight differences among three C-APases (III, 64 kDa; II, 55 kDa; I, 48 kDa) probably are due to different degrees of carbohydrate chain degradations as reported previously [J. Biochem. (1989) 105, 449-456].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1483-1489
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume180
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 14 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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