We reported that membrane-associated APase (M-APase) is anchored in the lipid bilayer through its hydrophobic sequence close to the COOH-terminus [Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1989) 162, 1044-1053] and is released from lysosomal membranes into the lysosomal contents by limited proteolysis with cathepsin D [J. Biochem. (1990) 108, 287-291]. We here report the conversion process of M-APase to three forms of the content enzyme (C-APase I, II, and III) by assigning the COOH-terminus of each APase in lysosomes. The purified M-APase (67 kDa) was subjected to COOH-terminal determination after digestion with cathepsin D. The COOH-terminus of cathepsin D-digested M-APase (65 kDa) ended at the position of the 382nd leucine residue. The COOH-termini of C-APase I (48 kDa) and III (64 kDa) were also determined. Since the two enzymes ended at the same position of the 373rd alanine residue, this COOH-terminal is 9 amino acid residues shorter than that of cathepsin D-digested M-APase. Then, we compared NH2-terminal sequences of the three enzymes, and found that those of three enzymes are exactly the same. Therefore, protein portions of C-APase I and III proved to be identical. The above results indicate that in lysosomes M-APase is first hydrolyzed between amino acid residues 382 and 383 by cathepsin D, and after solubilization, the enzyme is converted to C-APase III by losing 9 amino acid residues by lysosomal carboxypeptidase(s). Molecular weight differences among three C-APases (III, 64 kDa; II, 55 kDa; I, 48 kDa) probably are due to different degrees of carbohydrate chain degradations as reported previously [J. Biochem. (1989) 105, 449-456].
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 14 1991|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology