Mechanisms of radiation-induced segregation in CrFeCoNi-based single-phase concentrated solid solution alloys

Mo Rigen He, Shuai Wang, Shi Shi, Ke Jin, Hongbin Bei, Kazuhiro Yasuda, Syo Matsumura, Kenji Higashida, Ian M. Robertson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Citations (Scopus)


Single-phase concentrated solid solution alloys have attracted wide interest due to their superior mechanical properties and enhanced radiation tolerance, which make them promising candidates for the structural applications in next-generation nuclear reactors. However, little has been understood about the intrinsic stability of their as-synthesized, high-entropy configurations against radiation damage. Here we report the element segregation in CrFeCoNi, CrFeCoNiMn, and CrFeCoNiPd equiatomic alloys when subjected to 1250 kV electron irradiations at 400 °C up to a damage level of 1 displacement per atom. Cr/Fe/Mn/Pd can deplete and Co/Ni can accumulate at radiation-induced dislocation loops, while the actively segregating elements are alloy-specific. Moreover, electron-irradiated matrix of CrFeCoNiMn and CrFeCoNiPd shows L10 (NiMn)-type ordering decomposition and <001>-oriented spinodal decomposition between Co/Ni and Pd, respectively. These findings are rationalized based on the atomic size difference and enthalpy of mixing between the alloying elements, and identify a new important requirement to the design of radiation-tolerant alloys through modification of the composition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-193
Number of pages12
JournalActa Materialia
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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