The spontaneous microbiota of wheat sourdough, often comprising one yeast species and several lactic acid bacteria (LAB) species, evolves over repeated fermentation cycles, which bakers call backslopping. The final product quality largely depends on the microbiota functions, but these fluctuate sometimes during the initial months of fermentation cycles due to microbiota evolution in which three phases of LAB relay occur. In this study, the understanding of yeast- LAB interactions in the start of the evolution of the microbiota was deepened by exploring the timing and trigger interactions when sourdough yeast entered a preestablished LAB-relaying community. Monitoring of 32 cycles of evolution of 6 batches of spontaneous microbiota in wheat sourdoughs revealed that sourdough yeasts affected the LAB community when the 2nd- or 3rd-relaying types of LAB genera emerged. In in vitro pairwise cocultures, all 12 LAB strains containing the 3 LAB-relaying types arrested the growth of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, a frequently found species in sourdoughs, to various extents by sugar-related interactions. These findings suggest competition due to different affinities of each LAB and a S. cerevisiae strain for each sugar. In particular, maltose was the driver of S. cerevisiae growth in all pairwise cocultures. The functional prediction of sugar metabolism in sourdough LAB communities showed a positive correlation between maltose degradation and the yeast population. Our results suggest that maltoserelated interactions are key factors that enable yeasts to enter and then settle in the LAB-relaying community during the initial part of evolution of spontaneous sourdough microbiota.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Microbiology (medical)
- Cell Biology
- Infectious Diseases