Mechanistic investigation of CO2 hydrogenation by Ru(ii) and Ir(iii) aqua complexes under acidic conditions: Two catalytic systems differing in the nature of the rate determining step

Seiji Ogo, Ryota Kabe, Hideki Hayashi, Ryosuke Harada, Shunichi Fukuzumi

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    145 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Ruthenium aqua complexes [(η6-C6Me 6)RuII(L)(OH2)]2+ {L = bpy (1) and 4,4′-OMe-bpy (2), bpy = 2,2′-bipyridine, 4,4′-OMe-bpy = 4,4′-dimethoxy-2,2′-bipyridine} and iridium aqua complexes [Cp*IrIII(L)(OH2)]2+ {Cp* = η5-C5Me5, L = bpy (5) and 4,4′-OMe-bpy (6)} act as catalysts for hydrogenation of CO2 into HCOOH at pH 3.0 in H2O. The active hydride catalysts cannot be observed in the hydrogenation of CO2 with the ruthenium complexes, whereas the active hydride catalysts, [Cp*IrIII(L)(H)] + {L = bpy (7) and 4,4′-OMe-bpy (8)}, have successfully been isolated after the hydrogenation of CO2 with the iridium complexes. The key to the success of the isolation of the active hydride catalysts is the change in the rate-determining step in the catalytic hydrogenation of CO 2 from the formation of the active hydride catalysts, [(η6-C6Me6)RuII(L)(H)] +, to the reactions of [Cp*IrIII(L)(H)]+ with CO2, as indicated by the kinetic studies.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)4657-4663
    Number of pages7
    JournalDalton Transactions
    Issue number39
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Inorganic Chemistry

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