Mechanochemical Decomposition of Crystalline Cellulose in the Presence of Protonated Layered Niobium Molybdate Solid Acid Catalyst

Shogo Furusato, Atsushi Takagaki, Shigenobu Hayashi, Akio Miyazato, Ryuji Kikuchi, S. Ted Oyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Direct depolymerization of crystalline cellulose into water-soluble sugars by solvent-free ball milling was examined in the presence of a strongly acidic layered metal oxide, HNbMoO6, resulting in full conversion with 72 % yield of water-soluble sugars. Measurements by 13C cross-polarization magic angle spinning NMR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction revealed that amorphization of cellulose occurred rapidly within 10 min. Scanning electron microscopy equipped with an energy dispersive X-ray indicated that the substrate and the catalyst were well mixed during milling. The time course of the product distribution showed that most of the resultant water-soluble sugars were produced not by successive degradation of oligosaccharides but by direct depolymerization of cellulose chains. The products included glucose, mannose, and cello-oligomers, as well as anhydrosugars. Addition of small amounts of polar solvents increased the sugar yield, whereas further addition of water decreased the selectivity to anhydrosugars. Calculations of the mechanical energy required for the ball-milling process showed that 0.02 % was utilized for the chemical transformation under the conditions examined in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)888-896
Number of pages9
JournalChemSusChem
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 9 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Energy(all)

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