Mechanochromic Delayed Fluorescence Switching in Propeller-Shaped Carbazole–Isophthalonitrile Luminogens with Stimuli-Responsive Intramolecular Charge-Transfer Excited States

Minlang Yang, In Seob Park, Yasuhiro Miyashita, Katsunori Tanaka, Takuma Yasuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Herein, the universal design of high-efficiency stimuli-responsive luminous materials endowed with mechanochromic luminescence (MCL) and thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) functions is reported. The origin of the unique stimuli-triggered TADF switching for a series of carbazole–isophthalonitrile-based donor–acceptor (D–A) luminogens is demonstrated based on systematic photophysical and X-ray analysis, coupled with theoretical calculations. It was revealed that a tiny alteration of the intramolecular D–A twisting in the excited-state structures governed by the solid morphologies is responsible for this dynamic TADF switching behavior. This concept is applicable to the fabrication of bicolor emissive organic light-emitting diodes using a single TADF emitter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13955-13961
Number of pages7
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Volume59
Issue number33
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 10 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

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