MED26 regulates the transcription of snRNA genes through the recruitment of little elongation complex

Hidehisa Takahashi, Ichigaku Takigawa, Masashi Watanabe, Delnur Anwar, Mio Shibata, Chieri Tomomori-Sato, Shigeo Sato, Amol Ranjan, Chris W. Seidel, Tadasuke Tsukiyama, Wataru Mizushima, Masayasu Hayashi, Yasuyuki Ohkawa, Joan W. Conaway, Ronald C. Conaway, Shigetsugu Hatakeyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Regulation of transcription elongation by RNA polymerase II (Pol II) is a key regulatory step in gene transcription. Recently, the little elongation complex (LEC)-which contains the transcription elongation factor ELL/EAF-was found to be required for the transcription of Pol II-dependent small nuclear RNA (snRNA) genes. Here we show that the human Mediator subunit MED26 plays a role in the recruitment of LEC to a subset of snRNA genes through direct interaction of EAF and the N-terminal domain (NTD) of MED26. Loss of MED26 in cells decreases the occupancy of LEC at a subset of snRNA genes and results in a reduction in their transcription. Our results suggest that the MED26-NTD functions as a molecular switch in the exchange of TBP-associated factor 7 (TAF7) for LEC to facilitate the transition from initiation to elongation during transcription of a subset of snRNA genes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5941
JournalNature communications
Publication statusPublished - Jan 9 2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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