The 130-kDa protein was isolated as a novel inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P3) binding protein from rat brain and was molecularly cloned to be found similar to phospholipase C-δ1 (Kanematsu, T., Takeya, H., Watanabe, Y., Ozaki, S., Yoshida, M., Koga, T., Iwanaga, S. and Hirata, M., 1992. Putative inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate binding proteins in rat brain cytosol, J. Biol. Chem. 267, 6518-6525; Kanematsu, T., Misumi, Y., Watanabe, Y., Ozaki, S., Koga, T., Iwanaga, S., Ikehara, Y. and Hirata, M., 1996. A new inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate binding protein similar to phospholipase C-δ1, Biochem. J. 313, 319-325). The 130-kDa protein and its deleted protein expressed in COS-1 cells were seen in both the membrane and the cytosol fractions. Truncation of 232 residues from the N-terminus, the protein molecule lacking the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain was also localized in the membrane fraction as much as seen with a full-length protein and other deleted proteins, thereby indicating that the PH domain is not primarily involved in the membrane localization. The addition of Mg2+ to homogenates of COS-1 cells caused the translocation of expressed proteins from the cytosol to the membrane fraction, yet further addition of AlF4- which induced the activation of GTP binding proteins did not cause a further translocation. The protein translocated to the membrane by the addition of Mg2+ was hardly extracted with Triton X-100. The inclusion of Ins(1,4,5)P3 or phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate in cell homogenates caused the very small reduction in the amounts of membrane-associated proteins expressed by some constructs. These results indicate that (i) the PH domain is not primarily involved in the membrane localization of the 130-kDa protein, (ii) the activation of GTP binding protein does not appear to cause the translocation of the 130-kDa protein, and (iii) intrinsic phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate present in the membrane appears to be involved in the membrane association of the 130-kDa protein to a very small extent, probably through the binding site in the PH domain. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry
- Cell Biology