Mesospheric temperatures estimated from the meteor radar observations at Mohe, China

Libo Liu, Huixin Liu, Huijun Le, Yiding Chen, Yang Yi Sun, Baiqi Ning, Lianhuan Hu, Weixing Wan, Na Li, Jiangang Xiong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In this work, we report the estimation of mesospheric temperatures at 90 km height from the observations of the VHF all-sky meteor radar operated at Mohe (53.5°N, 122.3°E), China, since August 2011. The kinetic temperature profiles retrieved from the observations of Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) on board the Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere, Energetics, and Dynamics satellite are processed to provide the temperature (TSABER) and temperature gradient (dT/dh) at 90 km height. Based on the SABER temperature profile data an empirical dT/dh model is developed for the Mohe latitude. First, we derive the temperatures from the meteor decay times (Tmeteor) and the Mohe dT/dh model gives prior information of temperature gradients. Second, the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the meteor height profiles is calculated and further used to deduce the temperatures (TFWHM) based on the strong linear relationship between FWHM and TSABER. The temperatures at 90 km deduced from the decay times (Tmeteor) and from the meteor height distributions (TFWHM) at Mohe are validated/calibrated with TSABER. The temperatures present a considerable annual variation, being maximum in winter and minimum in summer. Harmonic analyses reveal that the temperatures have an annual variation consistent with TSABER. Our work suggests that FWHM has a good performance in routine estimation of the temperatures. It should be pointed out that the slope of FWHM as a function of TSABER is 10.1 at Mohe, which is different from that of 15.71 at King Sejong (62.2°S, 58.8°E) station.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2249-2259
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume122
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2017

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radar tracking
radar
meteoroids
meteor
China
Radar
temperature profiles
temperature
Full width at half maximum
radiometry
Temperature
annual variations
sounding
Radiometry
temperature profile
temperature gradient
annual variation
temperature gradients
Thermal gradients
deterioration

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Mesospheric temperatures estimated from the meteor radar observations at Mohe, China. / Liu, Libo; Liu, Huixin; Le, Huijun; Chen, Yiding; Sun, Yang Yi; Ning, Baiqi; Hu, Lianhuan; Wan, Weixing; Li, Na; Xiong, Jiangang.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 122, No. 2, 01.02.2017, p. 2249-2259.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liu, L, Liu, H, Le, H, Chen, Y, Sun, YY, Ning, B, Hu, L, Wan, W, Li, N & Xiong, J 2017, 'Mesospheric temperatures estimated from the meteor radar observations at Mohe, China', Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol. 122, no. 2, pp. 2249-2259. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023776
Liu, Libo ; Liu, Huixin ; Le, Huijun ; Chen, Yiding ; Sun, Yang Yi ; Ning, Baiqi ; Hu, Lianhuan ; Wan, Weixing ; Li, Na ; Xiong, Jiangang. / Mesospheric temperatures estimated from the meteor radar observations at Mohe, China. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2017 ; Vol. 122, No. 2. pp. 2249-2259.
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