We have investigated the influence of Ki-ras oncogene on Met/hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) receptor signaling in human carcinoma cells. The model system used in these studies included the DLD-1 colon cancer cell line with a mutated Ki-ras allele, and the DKO-4 cell line generated from DLD-1, with its mutant Ki-ras allele inactivated by targeted disruption. These cell lines were transduced with cDNAs of either active Met receptor or dominant negative Met receptor. As compared to the DLD-1 cells, constitutive overexpression of Met receptor in this cell line (DLD-1-Met) resulted in increased tumorigenicity in SCID mice. In contrast, overexpression of Met in DKO-4 cells (DKO-4-Met) that have lost oncogenic Ras activity demonstrated suppressed tumorigenicity with respect to the parent DKO-4 cell line. Tumors formed by the DLD-1-Met cells showed increased levels of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and lower levels of apoptosis compared to the DKO-4-Met tumors. Overexpression of the dominant negative Met receptor cDNA decreased the Met phosphorylation levels in both DLD-1 and DKO-4 cells, but only suppressed tumorigenicity in the DKO-4 cell line. In vitro, HGF stimulation of DLD-1 cells resulted in a prolonged duration of MAPK activation, while DKO-4 cells exhibited a rapid attenuation of MAPK phosphorylation. The results suggest that Ki-ras mutations and HGF signaling cooperate to enhance tumor growth by increased duration of MAPK activation and decreased apoptosis in human carcinoma cells.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Molecular Cancer Research|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1 2003|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research