Plants assimilate inorganic sulfate into various organic sulfur (S) compounds, which contributes to the global sulfur cycle in the environment as well as the nutritional supply of this essential element to animals. Plants, to sustain their lives, adapt the flow of their S metabolism to respond to external S status by activating S assimilation and catabolism of stored S compounds, and by repressing the synthesis of secondary S metabolites like glucosinolates. The molecular mechanism of this response has been gradually revealed, including the discovery of several regulatory proteins and enzymes involved in S deficiency responses. Recent progress in this research area and the remaining issues are reviewed here.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Plant Science