Methane Concentration in Mud Conduits of Submarine Mud Volcanoes: A Coupled Geochemical and Geophysical Approach

A. Kioka, Takeshi Tsuji, H. Otsuka, J. Ashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Mud volcanoes are among the largest geological sources releasing methane gas. Numerous studies have revealed their origins and compositions released from submarine mud volcanoes. However, quantification of the amount of gas inside submarine mud volcanoes has been challenging due to the difficulty of in situ measurements, which has hampered better evaluation for their contribution to the global methane budget. Here we provide a coupled geochemical and geophysical model that bridges bulk methane concentrations and seismic wave velocities in the mud conduit of submarine mud volcano. This model is applicable to most submarine mud volcanoes and is able to estimate methane concentration at the upper several hundreds of meters in the mud conduits using downhole logging data or seismic data. Our calculation for submarine mud volcanoes in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Nankai plate subduction zones shows that the weight fractions of gaseous and dissolved methane in total weight of sediment are 1,000–3,500 ppm within their mud conduits, which are much higher than previously expected from pore-water evidence from conventional shallow subsurface sampling. Although more definitive calculations cannot be made until the model parameters are better constrained, our approach provides an opportunity for re-estimating the global methane budget in submarine mud volcanoes, shedding new light upon the impact of submarine mud volcanism on carbon cycle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)792-813
Number of pages22
JournalGeochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2019

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submarine volcano
mud volcano
Volcanoes
mud
Methane
volcanoes
methane
Gases
Seismic waves
budgets
seismic velocity
carbon cycle
gas
seismic wave
in situ measurement
subduction zone
wave velocity
volcanism
seismic data
porewater

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Methane Concentration in Mud Conduits of Submarine Mud Volcanoes : A Coupled Geochemical and Geophysical Approach. / Kioka, A.; Tsuji, Takeshi; Otsuka, H.; Ashi, J.

In: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, Vol. 20, No. 2, 01.02.2019, p. 792-813.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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