Methionyl-tRNA synthetase gene from an extreme thermophile, thermus thermophilus HB8: Molecular cloning, primary-structure analysis, expression in Escherichia coli, and site-directed mutagenesis

O. Nureki, T. Muramatsu, K. Suzuki, D. Kohda, H. Matsuzawa, T. Ohta, T. Miyazawa, S. Yokoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The gene for the methionyl-tRNA synthetase (MetRS) from an extreme thermophile, Thermus thermophilus HB8, was cloned and sequenced. By expression of the T. thermophilus MetRS gene in Escherichia coli cells, thermostable MetRS was overproduced and purified to homogeneity by heat treatment and one-step column chromatography. The amino acid sequence of T. thermophilus MetRS showed low identities (~25%) with those of MetRSs from E. coli, and cytoplasm and mitochondria of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, the amino acid residues in the binding sites for ATP and the anticodon and the 3' terminus of tRNA(Met) are highly conserved among the four MetRSs. T. thermophilus MetRS has a zinc finger-like sequence with all the three cysteine residues and a histidine residue. By site-directed mutagenesis of one of the cysteine residues (Cys127) of T. thermophilus MetRS, the SH group was found to be important for methionyl-tRNA synthesis. Just upstream of the structural gene for T. thermophilus MetRS there is a short open reading frame which codes for a methionine-rich peptide and is partly overlapped with an alternative terminator/antiterminator structure, suggesting that transcription of this gene is regulated by attenuation. Further upstream a region contains a nucleotide sequence homologous to that of the 5' half of T. thermophilus initiator tRNA(Met).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3268-3277
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume266
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jul 10 1991
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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