Microbial fuel cell (MFC) for bioelectricity generation from organic wastes

M. Azizul Moqsud, Kiyoshi Omine, Noriyuki Yasufuku, Masayuki Hyodo, Yukio Nakata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) have gained a lot of attention recently as a mode of converting organic matter into electricity. In this study, a compost-based microbial fuel cell that generates bioelectricity by biodegradation of organic matter is developed. Grass cuttings, along with leaf mold, rice bran, oil cake (from mustard plants) and chicken droppings (waste from chickens) were used as organic waste. The electric properties of the MFC under anaerobic fermentation condition were investigated along with the influence of different types of membranes, the mixing of fly ash, and different types of electrode materials. It is observed that the maximum voltage was increased by mixing fly ash. Cellophane showed the highest value of voltage (around 350. mV). Bamboo charcoal is good for anode material; however carbon fiber is better for the cathode material in terms of optimization of power generated. This developed MFC is a simple cell to generate electricity from organic waste.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2465-2469
Number of pages5
JournalWaste Management
Volume33
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2013

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fuel cell
fly ash
electricity
organic matter
bamboo
charcoal
compost
fermentation
biodegradation
electrode
rice
grass
membrane
organic waste
oil
material

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) for bioelectricity generation from organic wastes. / Moqsud, M. Azizul; Omine, Kiyoshi; Yasufuku, Noriyuki; Hyodo, Masayuki; Nakata, Yukio.

In: Waste Management, Vol. 33, No. 11, 01.11.2013, p. 2465-2469.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moqsud, M. Azizul ; Omine, Kiyoshi ; Yasufuku, Noriyuki ; Hyodo, Masayuki ; Nakata, Yukio. / Microbial fuel cell (MFC) for bioelectricity generation from organic wastes. In: Waste Management. 2013 ; Vol. 33, No. 11. pp. 2465-2469.
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