An aragonite travertine at Nagano-yu hot spring, SW Japan, exhibits clear sub-millimeter-order lamination that resembles ancient ministromatolites. Thirty-three hours of continuous observation showed that the lamination is formed daily with no changes in physicochemical properties except light intensity. Phylotype analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization indicate that Hydrogenophaga sp. is dominant and concentrated in diurnal layers containing abundant extracellular polymeric substances. Growth of Hydrogenophaga sp. is activated in the daytime, likely due to extracellular polymeric substance production by cyanobacterial photosynthesis. Daytime development of Hydrogenophaga-dominant biofilms, and the concurrent inhibiting effect on aragonite precipitation, explains the daily lamination observed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry
- Environmental Science(all)
- Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)