Microdamage detection and repair in bone: Fracture mechanics, histology, cell biology

Jan G. Hazenberg, Teuvo A. Hentunen, Terhi J. Heino, Kosaku Kurata, Thomas C. Lee, David Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bone is an elementary component in the human skeleton. It protects vital organs, regulates calcium levels and allows mobility. As a result of daily activities, bones are cyclically strained causing microdamage. This damage, in the form of numerous microcracks, can cause bones to fracture and therefore poses a threat to mechanical integrity. Bone is able to repair the microcracks through a process called remodelling which is tightly regulated by bone forming and resorbing cells. However, the manner by which microcracks are detected, and repair initiated, has not been elucidated until now. Here we show that microcrack accumulation causes damage to the network of cellular processes, resulting in the release of RANKL which stimulates the differentiation of cells specialising in repair.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-75
Number of pages9
JournalTechnology and Health Care
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 19 2009

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Information Systems
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics

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