Microphase-separated structure and mechanical properties of cycloaliphatic diisocyanate-based thiourethane elastomers

Rahmawati Rahmawati, Shuhei Nozaki, Ken Kojio, Atsushi Takahara, Naoki Shinohara, Satoshi Yamasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Abstract: Polythiourethane (PTU) and polyurethane (PU) elastomers were prepared from poly(oxytetramethylene) glycol, 1,4-bis(isocyanatomethyl) cyclohexane and a dithiol or diol chain extender with two methylene numbers (tetramethylene (C4) and pentamethylene (C5)). The effect of dithiol and diol and the methylene length of the chain extenders on the microphase-separated structure and mechanical properties of PTU and PU were evaluated. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and wide-angle X-ray diffraction measurements revealed that the degree of ordering of hard segment chains in PTUs is lower than that for PU elastomers. However, it was revealed from the DSC, small-angle X-ray scattering and temperature dependent dynamic viscoelasticity measurements that the degree of microphase separation in the PTUs became stronger than that for the PUs. As a result, the mechanical property of PTUs is comparable with PUs. Furthermore, the glass transition temperature for the soft segment of PTU became lower than that for PU. PTU and PU exhibited a larger degree of microphase separation and mechanical property when the chain extender was composed of a tetramethylene (C4) chain compared to a pentamethylene (C5) chain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-273
Number of pages9
JournalPolymer Journal
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2019

Fingerprint

Elastomers
Polyurethanes
Mechanical properties
Microphase separation
Differential scanning calorimetry
Glycols
Viscoelasticity
Cyclohexane
X ray scattering
X ray diffraction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Microphase-separated structure and mechanical properties of cycloaliphatic diisocyanate-based thiourethane elastomers. / Rahmawati, Rahmawati; Nozaki, Shuhei; Kojio, Ken; Takahara, Atsushi; Shinohara, Naoki; Yamasaki, Satoshi.

In: Polymer Journal, Vol. 51, No. 2, 01.02.2019, p. 265-273.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rahmawati, Rahmawati ; Nozaki, Shuhei ; Kojio, Ken ; Takahara, Atsushi ; Shinohara, Naoki ; Yamasaki, Satoshi. / Microphase-separated structure and mechanical properties of cycloaliphatic diisocyanate-based thiourethane elastomers. In: Polymer Journal. 2019 ; Vol. 51, No. 2. pp. 265-273.
@article{c62b9a5ad9494ba8af1186dadf2118f8,
title = "Microphase-separated structure and mechanical properties of cycloaliphatic diisocyanate-based thiourethane elastomers",
abstract = "Abstract: Polythiourethane (PTU) and polyurethane (PU) elastomers were prepared from poly(oxytetramethylene) glycol, 1,4-bis(isocyanatomethyl) cyclohexane and a dithiol or diol chain extender with two methylene numbers (tetramethylene (C4) and pentamethylene (C5)). The effect of dithiol and diol and the methylene length of the chain extenders on the microphase-separated structure and mechanical properties of PTU and PU were evaluated. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and wide-angle X-ray diffraction measurements revealed that the degree of ordering of hard segment chains in PTUs is lower than that for PU elastomers. However, it was revealed from the DSC, small-angle X-ray scattering and temperature dependent dynamic viscoelasticity measurements that the degree of microphase separation in the PTUs became stronger than that for the PUs. As a result, the mechanical property of PTUs is comparable with PUs. Furthermore, the glass transition temperature for the soft segment of PTU became lower than that for PU. PTU and PU exhibited a larger degree of microphase separation and mechanical property when the chain extender was composed of a tetramethylene (C4) chain compared to a pentamethylene (C5) chain.",
author = "Rahmawati Rahmawati and Shuhei Nozaki and Ken Kojio and Atsushi Takahara and Naoki Shinohara and Satoshi Yamasaki",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/s41428-018-0148-1",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "265--273",
journal = "Polymer Journal",
issn = "0032-3896",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Microphase-separated structure and mechanical properties of cycloaliphatic diisocyanate-based thiourethane elastomers

AU - Rahmawati, Rahmawati

AU - Nozaki, Shuhei

AU - Kojio, Ken

AU - Takahara, Atsushi

AU - Shinohara, Naoki

AU - Yamasaki, Satoshi

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - Abstract: Polythiourethane (PTU) and polyurethane (PU) elastomers were prepared from poly(oxytetramethylene) glycol, 1,4-bis(isocyanatomethyl) cyclohexane and a dithiol or diol chain extender with two methylene numbers (tetramethylene (C4) and pentamethylene (C5)). The effect of dithiol and diol and the methylene length of the chain extenders on the microphase-separated structure and mechanical properties of PTU and PU were evaluated. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and wide-angle X-ray diffraction measurements revealed that the degree of ordering of hard segment chains in PTUs is lower than that for PU elastomers. However, it was revealed from the DSC, small-angle X-ray scattering and temperature dependent dynamic viscoelasticity measurements that the degree of microphase separation in the PTUs became stronger than that for the PUs. As a result, the mechanical property of PTUs is comparable with PUs. Furthermore, the glass transition temperature for the soft segment of PTU became lower than that for PU. PTU and PU exhibited a larger degree of microphase separation and mechanical property when the chain extender was composed of a tetramethylene (C4) chain compared to a pentamethylene (C5) chain.

AB - Abstract: Polythiourethane (PTU) and polyurethane (PU) elastomers were prepared from poly(oxytetramethylene) glycol, 1,4-bis(isocyanatomethyl) cyclohexane and a dithiol or diol chain extender with two methylene numbers (tetramethylene (C4) and pentamethylene (C5)). The effect of dithiol and diol and the methylene length of the chain extenders on the microphase-separated structure and mechanical properties of PTU and PU were evaluated. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and wide-angle X-ray diffraction measurements revealed that the degree of ordering of hard segment chains in PTUs is lower than that for PU elastomers. However, it was revealed from the DSC, small-angle X-ray scattering and temperature dependent dynamic viscoelasticity measurements that the degree of microphase separation in the PTUs became stronger than that for the PUs. As a result, the mechanical property of PTUs is comparable with PUs. Furthermore, the glass transition temperature for the soft segment of PTU became lower than that for PU. PTU and PU exhibited a larger degree of microphase separation and mechanical property when the chain extender was composed of a tetramethylene (C4) chain compared to a pentamethylene (C5) chain.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85056651343&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85056651343&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41428-018-0148-1

DO - 10.1038/s41428-018-0148-1

M3 - Article

VL - 51

SP - 265

EP - 273

JO - Polymer Journal

JF - Polymer Journal

SN - 0032-3896

IS - 2

ER -