Micropowder mixtures of W-50% Al, W-50% Ti and W-50% Ni were subjected to severe plastic deformation at 573 K using high-pressure torsion (HPT). The powder mixtures were consolidated and nanocomposites of W/Ti, W/Ti and W/Ni, with average grain sizes as small as ∼9, ∼15 and ∼12 nm, respectively, were formed by imposing large shear strains. The nanocomposites exhibited Vickers microhardness as high as ∼900 Hv, a level that has rarely been reported for metal-matrix composites. X-ray diffraction analyses together with high-resolution transmission electron microscopy showed that in addition to grain refinement, an increase in the fraction of grain boundaries up to 20%, the dissolution of elements in each other up to ∼15 mol.%, an increase in the lattice strain up to 0.6%, and an increase in density of edge dislocations up to 10 16 m -2 occurred by HPT. The current study introduces the HPT process as an effective route for the production of ultrahigh-strength W-base nanocomposites, fabrication of which is not generally easy when processing at high temperatures because of interfacial reaction and formation of brittle intermetallics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Polymers and Plastics
- Metals and Alloys