We investigated La-coated Nd2Fe14B thin film magnets by scanning/transmission electron microscopy to clarify the coercivity enhancement mechanism in Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets. The coercivity of La-coated film magnets was increased from 8.5 to 15 kOe by post-annealing. The fcc-LaOx layer was epitaxially grown on -oriented Nd2Fe14B fine grains with a crystallographic orientation relation of Nd2Fe14B (001) || LaOx (111)[112¯], both in the as-deposited and post-annealed films. STEM-EDS elemental analysis revealed that the only difference caused by post-annealing was the O content in the LaOx layer, which increased from 15 to 35 at.%. These results suggest that the magnetocrystalline anisotropy of the Nd ions, which were reduced at the surface of Nd2Fe14B, would be recovered by the presence of O, leading to a remarkable increase in the coercivity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)